Frederick Nicholas HOLMES

Regimental number332
Place of birthNewcastle, New South Wales
SchoolWickham Public School, Wickham, New South Wales
ReligionChurch of England
Address351 Harris Street, Pyrmont, New South Wales
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation35
Height5' 7.25"
Weight151 lbs
Next of kinA N Nicholas, Turnbull Street, Hamilton, New South Wales
Previous military serviceServed for 12 years in the Australian Garrison Artillery
Enlistment date19 August 1914
Place of enlistmentRandwick, New South Wales
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name4th Battalion, C Company
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/21/1
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Sydney, New South Wales, on board Transport A14 Euripides on 20 October 1914
Rank from Nominal RollPrivate
Unit from Nominal Roll4th Battalion
FateKilled in Action 06-9 August 1915
Place of death or woundingGallipoli, Turkey
Date of death6 August 1915
Age at death36
Age at death from cemetery records36
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsThe Lone Pine Memorial (Panel 22), Gallipoli, Turkey

The Lone Pine Memorial, situated in the Lone Pine Cemetery at Anzac, is the main Australian Memorial on Gallipoli, and one of four memorials to men of the New Zealand Expeditionary Force. Designed by Sir John Burnet, the principal architect of the Gallipoli cemeteries, it is a thick tapering pylon 14.3 metres high on a square base 12.98 metres wide. It is constructed from limestone mined at Ilgardere in Turkey.

The Memorial commemorates the 3268 Australians and 456 New Zealanders who have no known grave and the 960 Australians and 252 New Zealanders who were buried at sea after evacuation through wounds or disease. The names of New Zealanders commemorated are inscribed on stone panels mounted on the south and north sides of the pylon, while those of the Australians are listed on a long wall of panels in front of the pylon and to either side. Names are arranged by unit and rank.

The Memorial stands over the centre of the Turkish trenches and tunnels which were the scene of heavy fighting during the August offensive. Most cemeteries on Gallipoli contain relatively few marked graves, and the majority of Australians killed on Gallipoli are commemorated here.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
Miscellaneous information from
  cemetery records
Parents: Uriah and Anna HOLMES. Native of Newcastle, New South Wales
Other details

War service: Egypt, Gallipoli

Embarked Alexandria to join the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force, Gallipoli, 5 April 1915.

Admitted to Hospital Ship 'Gascon' (gun shot wound, right shoulder), Gallipoli, 16 May 1915; transferred to Glymenopcule Hospital, 28 May 1915; transferred to overseas base for duty, Glymenopcule, 3 July 1915; embarked Alexandria for Mudros, 14 July 1915; embarked Mudros for the Dardenelles, 22 July 1915; rejoined 4th Bn, Gallipoli, 28 July 1915.

Wounded in action, Gallipoli, 6-9 August 1915.

Commanding officer, 4th Bn, reported 'no trace of whereabouts', 6 January 1916.

Court of Inquiry held in the field, 22 April 1916, pronounced fate as 'killed in action, Gallipoli, 6-9 August 1915'.

Medals: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal
SourcesNAA: B2455, HOLMES Frederick Nicholas