|Place of birth||Newcastle, New South Wales|
|School||Wickham Public School, Wickham, New South Wales|
|Religion||Church of England|
|Address||351 Harris Street, Pyrmont, New South Wales|
|Age at embarkation||35|
|Next of kin||A N Nicholas, Turnbull Street, Hamilton, New South Wales|
|Previous military service||Served for 12 years in the Australian Garrison Artillery|
|Place of enlistment||Randwick, New South Wales|
|Rank on enlistment||Private|
|Unit name||4th Battalion, C Company|
|AWM Embarkation Roll number||23/21/1|
|Embarkation details||Unit embarked from Sydney, New South Wales, on board Transport A14 Euripides on
|Rank from Nominal Roll||Private|
|Unit from Nominal Roll||4th Battalion|
|Fate||Killed in Action
|Place of death or wounding||Gallipoli, Turkey|
|Date of death|
|Age at death||36|
|Age at death from cemetery records||36|
|Place of burial||No known grave|
|Commemoration details||The Lone Pine Memorial (Panel 22), Gallipoli, Turkey
The Lone Pine Memorial, situated in the Lone Pine Cemetery at Anzac, is the main Australian Memorial on Gallipoli, and one of four memorials to men of the New Zealand Expeditionary Force. Designed by Sir John Burnet, the principal architect of the Gallipoli cemeteries, it is a thick tapering pylon 14.3 metres high on a square base 12.98 metres wide. It is constructed from limestone mined at Ilgardere in Turkey.
The Memorial commemorates the 3268 Australians and 456 New Zealanders who have no known grave and the 960 Australians and 252 New Zealanders who were buried at sea after evacuation through wounds or disease. The names of New Zealanders commemorated are inscribed on stone panels mounted on the south and north sides of the pylon, while those of the Australians are listed on a long wall of panels in front of the pylon and to either side. Names are arranged by unit and rank.
The Memorial stands over the centre of the Turkish trenches and tunnels which were the scene of heavy fighting during the August offensive. Most cemeteries on Gallipoli contain relatively few marked graves, and the majority of Australians killed on Gallipoli are commemorated here.
|Panel number, Roll of Honour,|
Australian War Memorial
|Miscellaneous information from|
|Parents: Uriah and Anna HOLMES. Native of Newcastle, New South Wales|
War service: Egypt, Gallipoli
Embarked Alexandria to join the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force, Gallipoli, 5 April 1915.
Admitted to Hospital Ship 'Gascon' (gun shot wound, right shoulder), Gallipoli, 16 May 1915; transferred to Glymenopcule Hospital, 28 May 1915; transferred to overseas base for duty, Glymenopcule, 3 July 1915; embarked Alexandria for Mudros, 14 July 1915; embarked Mudros for the Dardenelles, 22 July 1915; rejoined 4th Bn, Gallipoli, 28 July 1915.
Wounded in action, Gallipoli, 6-9 August 1915.
Commanding officer, 4th Bn, reported 'no trace of whereabouts', 6 January 1916.
Court of Inquiry held in the field, 22 April 1916, pronounced fate as 'killed in action, Gallipoli, 6-9 August 1915'.Medals: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal
|Sources||NAA: B2455, HOLMES Frederick Nicholas|