John Edward NIX

Place of birthHillgrove, New South Wales
SchoolRichmond Hill State School, Charters Towers, Queensland
AddressElectra Street, Bundaberg, Queensland
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation24
Next of kinMother, Mrs G Nix, Electra Street, Bundaberg, Queensland
Previous military serviceServed as a Bugler, Kennedy Infantry Regiment; 3 years as a Lieutenant in the Senior Cadets, 2nd Bn, Thursday Island, for six months 1914-15.
Enlistment date15 February 1915
Rank on enlistmentLieutenant
Unit name25th Battalion, C Company
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/42/1
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Brisbane, Queensland, on board HMAT A60 Aeneas on 29 June 1915
Rank from Nominal RollCaptain
Unit from Nominal Roll25th Battalion
Other details from Roll of Honour CircularMentioned in Despatches, Gallipoli, 22 October 1915.
FateKilled in Action 5 November 1916
Place of death or woundingEaucort L'Abbaye, France
Age at death25.3
Age at death from cemetery records25
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsAustralian National Memorial, Villers-Bretonneux, France

Villers-Bretonneux is a village about 15 km east of Amiens. The Memorial stands on the high ground ('Hill 104') behind the Villers-Bretonneux Military Cemetery, Fouilloy, which is about 2 km north of Villers-Bretonneux on the east side of the road to Fouilloy.

The Australian National Memorial, Villers-Bretonneux is approached through the Military Cemetery, at the end of which is an open grass lawn which leads into a three-sided court. The two pavilions on the left and right are linked by the north and south walls to the back (east) wall, from which rises the focal point of the Memorial, a 105 foot tall tower, of fine ashlar. A staircase leads to an observation platform, 64 feet above the ground, from which further staircases lead to an observation room. This room contains a circular stone tablet with bronze pointers indicating the Somme villages whose names have become synonymous with battles of the Great War; other battle fields in France and Belgium in which Australians fought; and far beyond, Gallipoli and Canberra.

On the three walls, which are faced with Portland stone, are the names of 10,885 Australians who were killed in France and who have no known grave. The 'blocking course' above them bears the names of the Australian Battle Honours.

After the war an appeal in Australia raised £22,700, of which £12,500 came from Victorian school children, with the request that the majority of the funds be used to build a new school in Villers-Bretonneux. The boys' school opened in May 1927, and contains an inscription stating that the school was the gift of Victorian schoolchildren, twelve hundred of whose fathers are buried in the Villers-Bretonneux cemetery, with the names of many more recorded on the Memorial. Villers-Bretonneux is now twinned with Robinvale, Victoria, which has in its main square a memorial to the links between the two towns.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
Miscellaneous information from
  cemetery records
Parents: George and Elizabeth NIX, Curtis Street, Bundaberg, Queensland
Family/military connectionsBrothers: Lt Henry Jarrett NIX, 31st Bn, returned to Australia, 3 July 1919; 5629 Pte Francis William NIX, 26th Bn, returned to Australia, 5 September 1919; 405 Sergeant George Thomas NIX, 5th Light Horse Regiment, returned to Australia, 15 January 1918.
Other details

War service: Egypt, Gallipoli, Western Front

Medals: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal