Regimental number1412
Place of birthInverness, Scotland
SchoolMoy Public School, Inverness, Scotland
Age on arrival in Australia20
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation21.10
Height5' 8"
Weight130 lbs
Next of kinFather, Mr Sutherland, Bogbain, Inverness, Scotland
Previous military serviceNil
Enlistment date7 November 1914
Place of enlistmentBlackboy Hill, Western Australia
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name11th Battalion, 2nd Reinforcement
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/28/2
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Fremantle, Western Australia, on board HMAT A50 Itonus on 22 February 1915
Rank from Nominal RollPrivate
Unit from Nominal Roll11th Battalion
FateKilled in Action 6 May 1917
Place of death or woundingBullecourt, France
Age at death24
Age at death from cemetery records24
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsAustralian National Memorial, Villers-Bretonneux, France

Villers-Bretonneux is a village about 15 km east of Amiens. The Memorial stands on the high ground ('Hill 104') behind the Villers-Bretonneux Military Cemetery, Fouilloy, which is about 2 km north of Villers-Bretonneux on the east side of the road to Fouilloy.

The Australian National Memorial, Villers-Bretonneux is approached through the Military Cemetery, at the end of which is an open grass lawn which leads into a three-sided court. The two pavilions on the left and right are linked by the north and south walls to the back (east) wall, from which rises the focal point of the Memorial, a 105 foot tall tower, of fine ashlar. A staircase leads to an observation platform, 64 feet above the ground, from which further staircases lead to an observation room. This room contains a circular stone tablet with bronze pointers indicating the Somme villages whose names have become synonymous with battles of the Great War; other battle fields in France and Belgium in which Australians fought; and far beyond, Gallipoli and Canberra.

On the three walls, which are faced with Portland stone, are the names of 10,885 Australians who were killed in France and who have no known grave. The 'blocking course' above them bears the names of the Australian Battle Honours.

After the war an appeal in Australia raised £22,700, of which £12,500 came from Victorian school children, with the request that the majority of the funds be used to build a new school in Villers-Bretonneux. The boys' school opened in May 1927, and contains an inscription stating that the school was the gift of Victorian schoolchildren, twelve hundred of whose fathers are buried in the Villers-Bretonneux cemetery, with the names of many more recorded on the Memorial. Villers-Bretonneux is now twinned with Robinvale, Victoria, which has in its main square a memorial to the links between the two towns.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
Miscellaneous information from
  cemetery records
Parents: Sinclair and Margaret SUTHERLAND, Avon Terrace, York, Western Australia
Family/military connectionsBrother: 5438 Pte Francis SUTHERLAND, 28th Bn, killed in action, 20 September 1917.
Other details

War service: Egypt, Gallipoli, Western Front

Taken on strength, 11th Bn, Gallipoli, 7 May 1915.

Wounded in action, 12 June 1915 (gun shot wound, head), and admitted to 2nd Field Ambulance; discharged to duty, 12 June 1915; rejoined unit, 22 June 1915.

Admitted to 1st Australian Casualty Clearing Station, 13 August 1915 (diarrhoea), and transferred to 3rd Australian General Hospital, Lemnos, 13 August 1915; discharged to Base, 27 August 1915; transferred to Malta, 31 August 1915, and admitted to St David's Hospital; to England, 29 October 1915.

Marched into Base Depot, Weymouth, 29 February 1916.

Proceeded overseas to France, 9 August 1916; joined 11th Bn, in the fiueld, 22 August 1916.

Admitted to 2nd Australian Field Ambulance, 10 November 1916 (diarrhoea); discharged to duty, 17 November 1916, and rejoined Bn same day.

Reported missing in action, 6 May 1917.

Court of Enquiry, 5 December 1917, concluded: 'Killed in action, 6 May 1917.'

Note on Red Cross File: 'No trace Germany. Cert. by Capt. Mills. 10.10.19.'

Medals: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal
SourcesNAA: B2455, SUTHERLAND Sinclair
Red Cross File No 2670711O