Phillip John CORNISH

Regimental number76
Place of birthTungamah Victoria
SchoolState School, Euroa, Victoria
ReligionChurch of England
AddressDe Boos Street, Euroa, Victoria
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation20
Next of kinMother, Mrs Shaddock, De Boos Street, Euroa, Victoria
Previous military serviceCompulsory trainee
Enlistment date19 January 1915
Date of enlistment from Nominal Roll5 February 1915
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name22nd Battalion Head-Quarters Staff
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/39/1
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Melbourne, Victoria, on board HMAT A38 Ulysses on 10 May 1915
Rank from Nominal RollPrivate
Unit from Nominal Roll22nd Battalion
Recommendations (Medals and Awards)

Military Medal

'Excellent work under heavy fire as stretcher-bearer, seting fine example of devotion to duty.'
Recommendation date: 9 August 1916

Military Medal

'For consistent gallant conduct and devotion to duty as Stretcher-Bearers during the operations at Fleurbaix, Armentieres and on the Somme. They have answered the call without hesitation and regardless of heavy fire, setting a fine example of devotion to duty and self sacrifice for the sake of their wounded comrades.' [Refers also to 589 Pte James Francis DUNNE; 1064 Pte Walter SMALL; 1070 Pte Herbert DUNGEY; 2482 Pte Harry George FARRINGTON; 2403 William John SALTER; 2483 Pte Harry WEST.]
Recommendation date: 15 September 1916

Other details from Roll of Honour CircularWounded end of July 1916 in France. Died at sea 29 March 1917 of nephritis.
FateReturned to Australia 22 February 1917
Age at death22
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsAustralian National Memorial, Villers-Bretonneux, France

Villers-Bretonneux is a village about 15 km east of Amiens. The Memorial stands on the high ground ('Hill 104') behind the Villers-Bretonneux Military Cemetery, Fouilloy, which is about 2 km north of Villers-Bretonneux on the east side of the road to Fouilloy.

The Australian National Memorial, Villers-Bretonneux is approached through the Military Cemetery, at the end of which is an open grass lawn which leads into a three-sided court. The two pavilions on the left and right are linked by the north and south walls to the back (east) wall, from which rises the focal point of the Memorial, a 105 foot tall tower, of fine ashlar. A staircase leads to an observation platform, 64 feet above the ground, from which further staircases lead to an observation room. This room contains a circular stone tablet with bronze pointers indicating the Somme villages whose names have become synonymous with battles of the Great War; other battle fields in France and Belgium in which Australians fought; and far beyond, Gallipoli and Canberra.

On the three walls, which are faced with Portland stone, are the names of 10,885 Australians who were killed in France and who have no known grave. The 'blocking course' above them bears the names of the Australian Battle Honours.

After the war an appeal in Australia raised £22,700, of which £12,500 came from Victorian school children, with the request that the majority of the funds be used to build a new school in Villers-Bretonneux. The boys' school opened in May 1927, and contains an inscription stating that the school was the gift of Victorian schoolchildren, twelve hundred of whose fathers are buried in the Villers-Bretonneux cemetery, with the names of many more recorded on the Memorial. Villers-Bretonneux is now twinned with Robinvale, Victoria, which has in its main square a memorial to the links between the two towns.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
Family/military connectionsBrother: J.D. Cornish, killed in action