Regimental number1350
Place of birthHango, Finland
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation29
Height5' 7"
Weight147 lbs
Next of kinMother, Mrs Amander, Hango, Finland, Russia
Previous military serviceNil
Enlistment date13 November 1914
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name3rd Battalion, 2nd Reinforcement
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/20/2
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Sydney, New South Wales, on board HMAT A48 Seang Bee on 11 February 1915
Rank from Nominal RollPrivate
Unit from Nominal Roll45th Battalion
FateKilled in Action 1 September 1916
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsAustralian National Memorial, Villers-Bretonneux, France

Villers-Bretonneux is a village about 15 km east of Amiens. The Memorial stands on the high ground ('Hill 104') behind the Villers-Bretonneux Military Cemetery, Fouilloy, which is about 2 km north of Villers-Bretonneux on the east side of the road to Fouilloy.

The Australian National Memorial, Villers-Bretonneux is approached through the Military Cemetery, at the end of which is an open grass lawn which leads into a three-sided court. The two pavilions on the left and right are linked by the north and south walls to the back (east) wall, from which rises the focal point of the Memorial, a 105 foot tall tower, of fine ashlar. A staircase leads to an observation platform, 64 feet above the ground, from which further staircases lead to an observation room. This room contains a circular stone tablet with bronze pointers indicating the Somme villages whose names have become synonymous with battles of the Great War; other battle fields in France and Belgium in which Australians fought; and far beyond, Gallipoli and Canberra.

On the three walls, which are faced with Portland stone, are the names of 10,885 Australians who were killed in France and who have no known grave. The 'blocking course' above them bears the names of the Australian Battle Honours.

After the war an appeal in Australia raised £22,700, of which £12,500 came from Victorian school children, with the request that the majority of the funds be used to build a new school in Villers-Bretonneux. The boys' school opened in May 1927, and contains an inscription stating that the school was the gift of Victorian schoolchildren, twelve hundred of whose fathers are buried in the Villers-Bretonneux cemetery, with the names of many more recorded on the Memorial. Villers-Bretonneux is now twinned with Robinvale, Victoria, which has in its main square a memorial to the links between the two towns.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
Other details

War service: Egypt, Gallipoli, Western Front

Embarked from Alexandria to join the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force, Gallipoli, 5 April 1915.

Wounded in action, 6 August 1915, and admitted to 1st Casualty Clearing Station; transferred to 15th Stationary Hospital, Mudros, 8 August 1915; to Tigne Hospital, Malta, 10 September 1915; to England, 26 September 1915, and admitted to 3rd Western General Hospital, Cardiff, 4 October 1915.

Formed 27th Draft from England to rejoin MEF, 25 March 1916; taken on strength of 1st Training Bn, Tel el Kebir, Egypt, 16 April 1916. Declared unfit by Deputy Director of Medical Services, 12 May 1916; admitted to 3rd Auxiliary Hospital, Abbassia, 22 May 1916 (wound, hand); marched into 12th training Bn, Tel el Kebir, 23 May 1916.

Proceeded from Alexandria to join the British Expeditionary Force, 7 June 1916; disembarked Marseilles, 14 June 1916.

Killed in action, 1 September 1916.

Medals: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal