The AIF Project

Leonard KEYZOR

Regimental number958
Date of birth3 November 1885
Place of birthHampstead, London, England
Age on arrival in Australia29
ReligionChurch of England
Address21 McClay Street, Darling Point, New South Wales
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation27
Height5' 9"
Weight154 lbs
Next of kinMrs B Keyzor, 43 Warrington Crescent, Maida Vale, London, England
Previous military serviceNil
Enlistment date18 August 1914
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name1st Battalion, H Company
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/18/1
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Sydney, New South Wales, on board Transport A19 Afric on 18 October 1914
Regimental number from Nominal RollCommissioned
Rank from Nominal RollLieutenant
Unit from Nominal Roll42nd Battalion
Recommendations (Medals and Awards)

Victoria Cross

Recommendation date: 6 August 1915

FateReturned to Australia 24 August 1918

Victoria Cross

'For most conspicuous bravery and devotion to duty at Lone Pine trenches, in the Gallipoli Peninsula. On 7th August, 1915, he was in a trench which was being heavily bombed by the enemy. He picked up two live bombs and threw them back at the enemy at great risk to his own life, and continued throwing bombs, although himself wounded, thereby saving a portion of the trench which it was most important to hold. On 8th August, at the same place, Private Keysor successfully bombed the enemy out of of a position, from which a temporary mastery over his own trench had been obtained, and was again wounded. Although marked for hospital, he declined to leave, and volunteered to throwm bombs for another company which had lost its bomb throwers. He continued to bomb the enemy till the situation was relieved.'
Source: 'Commonwealth Gazette'
Date: 24 February 1916

Discharge date12 December 1918
Other details

War service: Egypt, Gallipoli, Western Front

Appointed Lance Corporal, 20 June 1915.

Wounded in action, Gallipoli; admitted to 3rd Field Ambulance, 7 August 1915 (bomb wound, left cheek); discharged to duty, 8 August 1915; transferred to Mudros, 9 August 1915.

Admitted to 1st Field Ambulance, 25 September 1915 (diarrhoea); transferred to 2nd Australian Stationary Hospital, Mudros, 25 September 1915; to 3rd General Hospital, 25 September 1915; to 18th General Hospital, 3 October 1915 (enteric); transferred to England, 21 October 1915, and admitted to 2nd London General Hospital, Chelsea, 28 October 1915.

Awarded Victoria Cross.

Transferred to 42nd Bn, 20 November 1916.

Proceeded overseas to France, 25 November 1916.

Promoted Sergeant, 1 December 1916.

Promoted 2nd Lieutenant, 13 January 1917.

Admitted to 9th Australian Field Ambulance, 15 April 1917 (accidental injury: slipped on duck boards when in the line L'Eppinette; remained at duty for 10 weeks, and was then evacuated on account of debility); transferred to No 2 Casualty Clearing Station, 16 April 1917 (neuralgia: slight); transferred to Ambulance Train No 6, 18 April 1917, and admitted to 14th General Hospital, Wimereux, 19 April 1917; to England, 22 April 1917, and admitted to 3rd London General Hospital; transferred to Cobham Hall, 26 April 1917; discharged to No 1 Command Depot, Perham Downs, 2 June 1917. Marched out to No 2 Command Depot, Weymouth, for duty, 26 September 1917. Performed duties of Adjutant, 'D' sub-depot, No. 2 Command Depot, 27 September 1917-6 February 1918.

Promoted Lieutenant, 28 July 1917.

Proceeded overseas to France, 6 February 1918; rejoined unit, in the field, 21 February 1918.

Wounded in action (second occasion), 27 March 1918 (gun shot wound, upper left arm), and admitted to 11th Australian Field Ambulance; transferred to 3rd Canadian Stationary Hospital, 27 March 1918; to 20th General Hospital, Camiers, 29 March 1918; transferred to England, 31 March 1918, and admitted to 3rd London General Hospital (wound: slight); discharged to Overseas Training Brigade, 16 April 1918. Proceeded overseas to France, 29 April 1918; rejoined unit in the field, 7 May 1918.

Wounded in action (third occasion), 26 May 1918 (gas shell), and admitted to 11th Australian Field Ambulance; transferred same day to 47th Casualty Clearing Station; to Ambulance Train No 10, 27 May 1918, and admitted to 10th BAC Hospital, Le Treport, 27 May 1918; transferred to England, 6 June 1918, and admitted to 3rd London General Hospital, 7 June 1918.

Commenced return to Australia on board HT 'Medic', 24 August 1918; disembarked Sydney, 9 October 1918; discharged, 12 December 1918.

Medals: Victoria Cross, 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal
Miscellaneous detailsReligion: Jewish (but put 'CofE' on Attestation Form)
Date of death12 October 1951
Place of burialCremated: St John's Wood Crematorium, London, England

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