|Date of birth|
|Place of birth||Dubbo, New South Wales|
|Address||Harvey Street, Prospect, South Australia|
|Age at embarkation||27|
|Next of kin||Wife, Mrs Theresa Lavinia Gardiner, c/o Mrs F. L. Rushton, Gordon Road, Prospect, South Australia|
|Rank on enlistment||Private|
|Unit name||43rd Battalion, D Company|
|AWM Embarkation Roll number||23/60/1|
|Embarkation details||Unit embarked from Adelaide, South Australia, on board HMAT A19 Afric on
|Rank from Nominal Roll||Sergeant|
|Unit from Nominal Roll||43rd Battalion|
|Recommendations (Medals and Awards)||
Distinguished Conduct Medal
|Fate||Killed in Action
|Place of death or wounding||Messines, Belgium|
|Age at death from cemetery records||28|
|Place of burial||No known grave|
|Commemoration details||The Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial (Panel 27), Belgium
The Menin Gate Memorial (so named because the road led to the town of Menin) was constructed on the site of a gateway in the eastern walls of the old Flemish town of Ypres, Belgium, where hundreds of thousands of allied troops passed on their way to the front, the Ypres salient, the site from April 1915 to the end of the war of some of the fiercest fighting of the war.
The Memorial was conceived as a monument to the 350,000 men of the British Empire who fought in the campaign. Inside the arch, on tablets of Portland stone, are inscribed the names of 56,000 men, including 6,178 Australians, who served in the Ypres campaign and who have no known grave.
The opening of the Menin Gate Memorial on 24 July 1927 so moved the Australian artist Will Longstaff that he painted 'The Menin Gate at Midnight', which portrays a ghostly army of the dead marching past the Menin Gate. The painting now hangs in the Australian War Memorial, Canberra, at the entrance of which are two medieval stone lions presented to the Memorial by the City of Ypres in 1936.
Since the 1930s, with the brief interval of the German occupation in the Second World War, the City of Ypres has conducted a ceremony at the Memorial at dusk each evening to commemorate those who died in the Ypres campaign.
|Panel number, Roll of Honour,|
Australian War Memorial
|Miscellaneous information from|
|Parents: Robert and Annie GARDINER; husband of Mrs T.L. GARDINER, 4 Gloucester Street, Prospect, South Australia. Native of Dubbo, New South Wales~|
Distinguished Conduct Medal
'For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty. He took command of a raiding party when the officer was killed, and led them through intense rifle and machine gun fire until compelled to take shelter in shell holes. He remained for some time attending to the wounded, later working his way back to the front line, and personally conducting stretcher parties to bring in the dead and wounded men. By his courage and resourcefulness he set a splendid example.'
Source: 'Commonwealth Gazette' No. 219
War service: Western FrontMedals: Distinguished Conduct Medal, British War Medal, Victory Medal