|Place of birth||Yarloop, Western Australia|
|Address||16 Walton Road, Victoria Park, Western Australia|
|Age at embarkation||18|
|Next of kin||Mother, Mrs J E Gardner, 16 Walton Street, Victoria Park, Western Australia|
|Previous military service||Served in the Senior Cadets.|
|Rank on enlistment||Private|
|Unit name||12th Battalion, 9th Reinforcement|
|AWM Embarkation Roll number||23/29/3|
|Embarkation details||Unit embarked from Fremantle, Western Australia, on board HMAT A20 Hororata on
|Other details from Roll of Honour Circular||Previously rejected for service: middle finger, right hand.|
|Age at death from cemetery records||20|
|Place of burial||No known grave|
|Commemoration details||The Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial (Panel 17), Belgium
The Menin Gate Memorial (so named because the road led to the town of Menin) was constructed on the site of a gateway in the eastern walls of the old Flemish town of Ypres, Belgium, where hundreds of thousands of allied troops passed on their way to the front, the Ypres salient, the site from April 1915 to the end of the war of some of the fiercest fighting of the war.
The Memorial was conceived as a monument to the 350,000 men of the British Empire who fought in the campaign. Inside the arch, on tablets of Portland stone, are inscribed the names of 56,000 men, including 6,178 Australians, who served in the Ypres campaign and who have no known grave.
The opening of the Menin Gate Memorial on 24 July 1927 so moved the Australian artist Will Longstaff that he painted 'The Menin Gate at Midnight', which portrays a ghostly army of the dead marching past the Menin Gate. The painting now hangs in the Australian War Memorial, Canberra, at the entrance of which are two medieval stone lions presented to the Memorial by the City of Ypres in 1936.
Since the 1930s, with the brief interval of the German occupation in the Second World War, the City of Ypres has conducted a ceremony at the Memorial at dusk each evening to commemorate those who died in the Ypres campaign.
|Panel number, Roll of Honour,|
Australian War Memorial
|Miscellaneous information from|
|Parents: James and Johanna GARDNER, 16 Teague Street, Victoria Park, Western Australia|
War service: Egypt, Western Front
Taken on strength, Tel el Kebir, 7 January 1916. Admitted to 1st Australian Casualty Clearing Station, Ismailia, 10 February 1916; transferred to 1st Stationary Hospital, 11 February 1916 (sprained wrist); discharged to duty, 14 February 1916. Transferred to 52nd Bn, 1 March 1916; to 13th Machine Gun Company, 16 March 1916. Sick to hospital, 15 May 1916; admitted to 2nd Australian General Hospital, Tel el Kebir, 31 May 1916 (gastritis); discharged from hospital, 10 July 1916.
Proceeded from Alexandria to join the British Expeditionary Force, 8 August 1916; taken on strength, 13th Machine Gun Details, England, 22 August 1916.
Marched in to 4th Australian Division Base Depot, Etaples, France, 1 October 1916; taken on strength, 13th Machine Gun Company, 23 October 1916.
Admitted to 10th Stationary Hospital, St Omer, 19 June 1917; transferred to 39th General Hospital, Havre, 21 June 1917; discharged to Base Details, 12 August 1917; total period of treatment for venereal disease: 55 days. Rejoined unit, 23 August 1917.
Killed in action, Belgium, 26 September 1917.Medals: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal