The AIF Project

Ernest Aubrey BAKER

Regimental number2771
Place of birthBroken Hill, New South Wales
SchoolBerrimal State School, Victoria
ReligionMethodist
OccupationFarmer
AddressBerrimal via Wedderburn, Victoria
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation19
Next of kinFather, George Baker, Berrimal via Wedderburn, Victoria
Previous military serviceNil
Enlistment date8 November 1916
Date of enlistment from Nominal Roll30 November 1916
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name37th Battalion, 6th Reinforcement
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/54/2
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Melbourne, Victoria, on board HMAT A7 Medic on 16 December 1916
Rank from Nominal RollPrivate
Unit from Nominal Roll37th Battalion
FateKilled in Action 4 October 1917
Place of death or woundingPasschendaele, Ypres, Belgium
Date of death4 October 1917
Age at death from cemetery records20
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsThe Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial (Panel 25), Belgium

The Menin Gate Memorial (so named because the road led to the town of Menin) was constructed on the site of a gateway in the eastern walls of the old Flemish town of Ypres, Belgium, where hundreds of thousands of allied troops passed on their way to the front, the Ypres salient, the site from April 1915 to the end of the war of some of the fiercest fighting of the war.

The Memorial was conceived as a monument to the 350,000 men of the British Empire who fought in the campaign. Inside the arch, on tablets of Portland stone, are inscribed the names of 56,000 men, including 6,178 Australians, who served in the Ypres campaign and who have no known grave.

The opening of the Menin Gate Memorial on 24 July 1927 so moved the Australian artist Will Longstaff that he painted 'The Menin Gate at Midnight', which portrays a ghostly army of the dead marching past the Menin Gate. The painting now hangs in the Australian War Memorial, Canberra, at the entrance of which are two medieval stone lions presented to the Memorial by the City of Ypres in 1936.

Since the 1930s, with the brief interval of the German occupation in the Second World War, the City of Ypres has conducted a ceremony at the Memorial at dusk each evening to commemorate those who died in the Ypres campaign.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
127
Miscellaneous information from
  cemetery records
Parents: George Reid and Charlotte A BAKER, Berrimal, Wedderburn, Victoria
Family/military connectionsBrother: 3323 Pte James Arthur BAKER, Australian Army Service Corps, returned to Australia, 3 July 1919; Uncle: 4513 Staff Sergeant Alfred LONGMORE, 10 Bn, returned to Australia, 12 May 1919.
Other details

War service: Western Front

Medals: British War Medal, Victory Medal

Print format