|Place of birth||Box Hill, Victoria|
|School||Box Hill State School, Victoria|
|Address||1 Huddersfield Road, Box Hill, Victoria|
|Age at embarkation||21|
|Next of kin||Father, Mr J. Gouge, 1 Huddersfield Road, Box Hill, Victoria|
|Previous military service||Senior Cadets (1911-1913), 48th Infantry (1913-1916)|
|Date of enlistment from Nominal Roll|
|Place of enlistment||Melbourne, Victoria|
|Rank on enlistment||Private|
|Unit name||8th Battalion, 17th Reinforcement|
|AWM Embarkation Roll number||23/25/5|
|Embarkation details||Unit embarked from Melbourne, Victoria, on board HMAT A14 Euripides on
|Rank from Nominal Roll||Private|
|Unit from Nominal Roll||59th Battalion|
|Fate||Killed in Action
|Age at death from cemetery records||23|
|Place of burial||No known grave|
|Commemoration details||Australian National Memorial, Villers-Bretonneux, France
Villers-Bretonneux is a village about 15 km east of Amiens. The Memorial stands on the high ground ('Hill 104') behind the Villers-Bretonneux Military Cemetery, Fouilloy, which is about 2 km north of Villers-Bretonneux on the east side of the road to Fouilloy.
The Australian National Memorial, Villers-Bretonneux is approached through the Military Cemetery, at the end of which is an open grass lawn which leads into a three-sided court. The two pavilions on the left and right are linked by the north and south walls to the back (east) wall, from which rises the focal point of the Memorial, a 105 foot tall tower, of fine ashlar. A staircase leads to an observation platform, 64 feet above the ground, from which further staircases lead to an observation room. This room contains a circular stone tablet with bronze pointers indicating the Somme villages whose names have become synonymous with battles of the Great War; other battle fields in France and Belgium in which Australians fought; and far beyond, Gallipoli and Canberra.
On the three walls, which are faced with Portland stone, are the names of 10,885 Australians who were killed in France and who have no known grave. The 'blocking course' above them bears the names of the Australian Battle Honours.
After the war an appeal in Australia raised £22,700, of which £12,500 came from Victorian school children, with the request that the majority of the funds be used to build a new school in Villers-Bretonneux. The boys' school opened in May 1927, and contains an inscription stating that the school was the gift of Victorian schoolchildren, twelve hundred of whose fathers are buried in the Villers-Bretonneux cemetery, with the names of many more recorded on the Memorial. Villers-Bretonneux is now twinned with Robinvale, Victoria, which has in its main square a memorial to the links between the two towns.
|Panel number, Roll of Honour,|
Australian War Memorial
|Miscellaneous information from|
|Parents: John and Frances GOUGE, 61 Zetland Road, Box Hill, Victoria|
|Family/military connections||Cousin: 3277 Pte William Frederick CROW, 59th Bn, killed in action, 19 July 1916.|
War service: Egypt, Western Front
Embarked Melbourne, 4 April 1916; disembarked Suez, 14 May 1916.
Allotted to 60th Bn reinforcements, 15th Training Bn, Tel el Kebir, 24 May 1916.
On strength of 5th Australian Divisional Details, 9 July 1916.
Embarked Alexandria, 2 August 1916; ; marched into 15th Training Bn, Larkhill, England, 21 August 1916.
Proceeded overseas to France, 10 September 1916; marched into 5th Australian Divisional Base Depot, Etaples, 11 September 1916.
Proceeded to unit, 29 September 1916; taken on strength of 59th Bn, 28 September 1916.
Admitted to No 14 Australian Field Ambulance, 29 December 1916 (pyrexia of unknown origin); transferred to Corps Rest Station, 29 December 1916; to No 38 Casualty Clearing Station, 30 December 1916; to No 39 Casualty Clearing Station, 2 January 1917 (suspected dysentery); to No 9 General Hospital, 6 January 1917 (dysentery); to England, 5 March 1917; to University War Hospital, Southampton, 6 March 1917; to Barton on Sea Convalescent Depot, 23 April 1917; discharged to furlough, 16 May 1917; marched into No 1 Command Depot, Perham Downs, 1 June 1917, and classified 'B1A'.
Marched into Overseas Training Depot, 12 June 1917.
Posted in error as being absent without leave, 15 June 1917.
Marched out to Camp Headquarters, Perham Downs, 18 June 1917.
Proceeded overseas to France, 31 December 1917; marched into Australian Base Depot, Le Havre, 1 January 1918.
Proceeded to unit, 2 January 1918; rejoined 59th Bn, 5 January 1918.
On Command at 4th Army Musketry School, 15 March 1918; rejoined unit, 26 April 1918.
Detached to Australian Corps Headquarters for Guard Duty, 2 June 1918; rejoined unit, 16 June 1918.
Killed in action, 4 July 1918.
Note on B.103, Buried Merricourt sur Ancre (near Morlancourt, Sheet 63.D.N.E).Medals: British War Medal, Victory Medal
|Sources||NAA: B2455, GOUGE Richard Edmund|