The AIF Project

William Brown HORSBURGH

Regimental number785
Place of birthEdinburgh, Scotland
SchoolSt Leonards Public School, Edinburgh, Scotland
Age on arrival in Australia26
ReligionPresbyterian
OccupationButcher
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation28
Height5' 6"
Weight140 lbs
Next of kinMother, Mrs A Horsburgh, 5 Dalkeith Road, Edinburgh, Scotland
Previous military serviceServed for 1 year with the Royal Scots Greys
Enlistment date21 August 1914
Place of enlistmentMelbourne, Victoria
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name5th Battalion, G Company
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/22/1
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Melbourne, Victoria, on board Transport A3 Orvieto on 21 October 1914
Rank from Nominal RollPrivate
Unit from Nominal Roll5th Battalion
Other details from Roll of Honour CircularWas on his way to Australia when war broke out.
FateKilled in Action 25 April 1915
Place of death or woundingGallipoli, Turkey
Date of death25 April 1915
Age at death26
Age at death from cemetery records26
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsThe Lone Pine Memorial (Panel 24), Gallipoli, Turkey

The Lone Pine Memorial, situated in the Lone Pine Cemetery at Anzac, is the main Australian Memorial on Gallipoli, and one of four memorials to men of the New Zealand Expeditionary Force. Designed by Sir John Burnet, the principal architect of the Gallipoli cemeteries, it is a thick tapering pylon 14.3 metres high on a square base 12.98 metres wide. It is constructed from limestone mined at Ilgardere in Turkey.

The Memorial commemorates the 3268 Australians and 456 New Zealanders who have no known grave and the 960 Australians and 252 New Zealanders who were buried at sea after evacuation through wounds or disease. The names of New Zealanders commemorated are inscribed on stone panels mounted on the south and north sides of the pylon, while those of the Australians are listed on a long wall of panels in front of the pylon and to either side. Names are arranged by unit and rank.

The Memorial stands over the centre of the Turkish trenches and tunnels which were the scene of heavy fighting during the August offensive. Most cemeteries on Gallipoli contain relatively few marked graves, and the majority of Australians killed on Gallipoli are commemorated here.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
44
Miscellaneous information from
  cemetery records
Parents: William and Elizabeth HORSBURGH, 5 Dalkeith Road, Edinburgh, Scotland
Other details

War service: Egypt, Gallipoli

Embarked Alexandria to join the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force, Gallipoli, 5 April 1915.

Reported missing, Gallipoli, 25 April 1915.

Court of Inquiry held in the field, 16-19 October 1915, pronounced fate as 'killed in action, Gallipoli, 25 April 1915'.

Medals: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal
SourcesNAA: B2455, HORSBURGH William Brown

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