The AIF Project

John Alexander LATTO

Regimental number3399
Place of birthKoroit, Victoria
SchoolMidland Junction State School, Western Australia
ReligionChurch of England
OccupationApprentice saddler
AddressHenry Street, Midland Junction, Western Australia
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation18
Height5' 6"
Weight130 lbs
Next of kinFriend, D Latto, Henry Street, Midland Junction, Western Australia
Previous military serviceServed for 4 years in the Cadets; for 6 months in the Engineers, Citizen Military Forces.
Enlistment date6 August 1915
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name11th Battalion, 11th Reinforcement
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/28/3
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Fremantle, Western Australia, on board HMAT A38 Ulysses on 2 November 1915
Rank from Nominal RollPrivate
Unit from Nominal Roll11th Battalion
FateKilled in Action 1 November 1917
Place of death or woundingPasschendaele, Ypres, Belgium
Age at death20.10
Age at death from cemetery records20
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsThe Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial (Panel 17), Belgium

The Menin Gate Memorial (so named because the road led to the town of Menin) was constructed on the site of a gateway in the eastern walls of the old Flemish town of Ypres, Belgium, where hundreds of thousands of allied troops passed on their way to the front, the Ypres salient, the site from April 1915 to the end of the war of some of the fiercest fighting of the war.

The Memorial was conceived as a monument to the 350,000 men of the British Empire who fought in the campaign. Inside the arch, on tablets of Portland stone, are inscribed the names of 56,000 men, including 6,178 Australians, who served in the Ypres campaign and who have no known grave.

The opening of the Menin Gate Memorial on 24 July 1927 so moved the Australian artist Will Longstaff that he painted 'The Menin Gate at Midnight', which portrays a ghostly army of the dead marching past the Menin Gate. The painting now hangs in the Australian War Memorial, Canberra, at the entrance of which are two medieval stone lions presented to the Memorial by the City of Ypres in 1936.

Since the 1930s, with the brief interval of the German occupation in the Second World War, the City of Ypres has conducted a ceremony at the Memorial at dusk each evening to commemorate those who died in the Ypres campaign.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
63
Miscellaneous information from
  cemetery records
Parents: David and Annie LATTO, Henry Street, Midland Junction, Western Australia. Native of Koroit, Victoria
Other details

War service: Egypt, Western Front

Joined 11th Bn, Habieta, 2 March 1916.

Proceeded from Alexandria to join the British Expeditionary Force, 29 March 1916; disembarked Marseilles, 5 April 1916.

Wounded in action, 22 July 1916 (shell wound, ear); admitted to 2nd Field Ambulance, 24 July 1916; transferred to 44th Casualty Clearing Station, 25 July 1916; to 1st Australian General Hospital, Rouen, 26 July 1916; discharged to Convalescent Camp, 27 July 1916; joined Base Depot, 28 July 1916; readmitted to 1st Australian General Hospital, 2 August 1916 (gun shot wound, left ear); transferred to England, 9 August 1916, and admitted to Beaufort War Hospital, Fishponds, Bristol, 10 August 1916. Marched in to No. 1 Command Depot, Perham Downs, 30 September 1916. Granted furlough, 2 October 1916; reported back from furlough, 19 October 1916. Transferred to 70th Bn, Wareham, 23 March 1917. Proceeded overseas to France, 9 October 1917; rejoined 11th Bn,16 October 1917.

Killed in action, Belgium, 1 November 1917.

Medals: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal

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