The AIF Project

Henry Edgar ABBOTT

Regimental number14654
Date of birth1888
Place of birthBurra, South Australia
ReligionChurch of England
OccupationAnalyst
AddressPerth, Western Australia
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation27
Height5' 10.25"
Weight156 lbs
Next of kinFather, A Abbott, Katanning, Western Australia
Previous military serviceNil
Enlistment date17 January 1916
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit nameMay 1916 Reinforcements
AWM Embarkation Roll number26/99/2
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Fremantle, Western Australia, on board HMAT A48 Seang Bee on 18 July 1916
Rank from Nominal RollPrivate
Unit from Nominal Roll10th Field Ambulance
Other details from Roll of Honour CircularEnlisted 30 December 1915 and posted to Australian Army Medical Corps Reinforcements. Transferred to No 1 Australian Dermatological Hospital, 22 October 1916. Taken on strength, 10th Field Ambulance, 18 June 1917; detached to 39th Bn, 10 October 1917.
FateKilled in Action 12 October 1917
Place of death or woundingPasschendaele, Ypres, Belgium
Age at death29
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsThe Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial (Panel 31), Belgium

The Menin Gate Memorial (so named because the road led to the town of Menin) was constructed on the site of a gateway in the eastern walls of the old Flemish town of Ypres, Belgium, where hundreds of thousands of allied troops passed on their way to the front, the Ypres salient, the site from April 1915 to the end of the war of some of the fiercest fighting of the war.

The Memorial was conceived as a monument to the 350,000 men of the British Empire who fought in the campaign. Inside the arch, on tablets of Portland stone, are inscribed the names of 56,000 men, including 6,178 Australians, who served in the Ypres campaign and who have no known grave.

The opening of the Menin Gate Memorial on 24 July 1927 so moved the Australian artist Will Longstaff that he painted 'The Menin Gate at Midnight', which portrays a ghostly army of the dead marching past the Menin Gate. The painting now hangs in the Australian War Memorial, Canberra, at the entrance of which are two medieval stone lions presented to the Memorial by the City of Ypres in 1936.

Since the 1930s, with the brief interval of the German occupation in the Second World War, the City of Ypres has conducted a ceremony at the Memorial at dusk each evening to commemorate those who died in the Ypres campaign.

Family/military connectionsBrother: 5043 Pte Oliver Oswald ABBOTT, 11th Bn, killed in action, Pozieres, France, 20-23 August 1916.
Other details

War service: Western Front

Embarked Adelaide, 13 July 1916; disembarked Plymouth, England, 9 September 1916.

Marched into No. 2 Camp, Australian Army Medical Corps Training Camp, Park House, England, 10 September 1916.

Admitted to No. 1 Australian Dermatological Hospital, 22 October 1916.

Embarked Folkestone to join the British Expeditionary Force on the Western Front, 6 April 1917; marched into camp, Etaples, France, 7 April 1917.

Marched out to segregation camp, Etaples, 10 April 1917; marched out of segregation, Etaples, 4 May 1917; admitted to 24th General Hospital (mumps), Etaples, 6 May 1917; transferred to 6th Convalescent Depot, Etaples, 4 June 1917; discharged to base details, Etaples, 6 June, 1917.

Taken on strength, 10th Field Ambulance, France, 18 June 1917.

Admitted to hospital (pyrexia), France, 10 August 1917; rejoined 10th Field Ambulance, France, 16 August 1917.

Detatched to 39th Bn, France, 10 October 1917.

Killed in action, Belgium, 12 October 1917.

Medals: British War Medal, Victory Medal
SourcesNAA: B2455, ABBOTT Henry Edgar

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