The AIF Project

John Hilbert MATTHEWS

Regimental number1020
Place of birthAwhurst, Victoria
SchoolArarat State School, Victoria
OccupationPostal official
Address2 Lowe Street, Ararat, Victoria
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation19
Height5' 8.5"
Weight133 lbs
Next of kinFather, Mr Matthews, 2 Lowe Street, Ararat, Victoria
Previous military serviceServed fpr 3 years in the 73rd Infantry, Citizen Military Forces.
Enlistment date14 September 1914
Place of enlistmentArarat, Victoria
Rank on enlistmentSergeant
Unit name14th Battalion, H Company
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/31/1
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Melbourne, Victoria, on board HMAT A38 Ulysses on 22 December 1914
Regimental number from Nominal RollCommissioned
Rank from Nominal Roll2nd Lieutenant
Unit from Nominal Roll14th Battalion
Other details from Roll of Honour CircularHe was a 2nd Lieutenant in the Citizens Forces, Ararat; sailed out as Sergeant and received Lt promotion in Gallipoli in May 1915.
FateKilled in Action 8 August 1915
Place of death or woundingGallipoli, Turkey
Age at death20.8
Age at death from cemetery records20
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsThe Lone Pine Memorial (Panel 40), Gallipoli, Turkey

The Lone Pine Memorial, situated in the Lone Pine Cemetery at Anzac, is the main Australian Memorial on Gallipoli, and one of four memorials to men of the New Zealand Expeditionary Force. Designed by Sir John Burnet, the principal architect of the Gallipoli cemeteries, it is a thick tapering pylon 14.3 metres high on a square base 12.98 metres wide. It is constructed from limestone mined at Ilgardere in Turkey.

The Memorial commemorates the 3268 Australians and 456 New Zealanders who have no known grave and the 960 Australians and 252 New Zealanders who were buried at sea after evacuation through wounds or disease. The names of New Zealanders commemorated are inscribed on stone panels mounted on the south and north sides of the pylon, while those of the Australians are listed on a long wall of panels in front of the pylon and to either side. Names are arranged by unit and rank.

The Memorial stands over the centre of the Turkish trenches and tunnels which were the scene of heavy fighting during the August offensive. Most cemeteries on Gallipoli contain relatively few marked graves, and the majority of Australians killed on Gallipoli are commemorated here.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
Miscellaneous information from
  cemetery records
Parents: James and Jane MATTHEWS, 11 Geelong Road, Footscray, Victoria. Native of Ararat
Family/military connectionsBrother: Major Leslie wWilliam MATTHEWS DSO, 22nd Bn, returned to Australia, 1 April 1919.
Other details

War service: Egypt, Gallipoli

Appointed Acting Company Quartermaster Sergeant, Gallipoli, 1 May 1915.

Promoted 2nd Lt, 27 May 1915.

Killed in action, 8 August 1915.

Medals: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal

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