The AIF Project

Roderick Sheridan McKENZIE

Regimental number884
Other NamesMACKENZIE
ReligionChurch of England
OccupationStudent
AddressLaunceston, Tasmania
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation21
Next of kinFather, Herbert Edward McKenzie, 233 Lower Circular Road, Calcutta, India
Enlistment date21 March 1916
Date of enlistment from Nominal Roll29 March 1916
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name40th Battalion, D Company
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/57/1
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Hobart, Tasmania, on board HMAT A35 Berrima on 1 July 1916
Rank from Nominal RollPrivate
Unit from Nominal Roll40th Battalion
FateKilled in Action 4 October 1917
Age at death from cemetery records19
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsThe Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial (Panel 25), Belgium

The Menin Gate Memorial (so named because the road led to the town of Menin) was constructed on the site of a gateway in the eastern walls of the old Flemish town of Ypres, Belgium, where hundreds of thousands of allied troops passed on their way to the front, the Ypres salient, the site from April 1915 to the end of the war of some of the fiercest fighting of the war.

The Memorial was conceived as a monument to the 350,000 men of the British Empire who fought in the campaign. Inside the arch, on tablets of Portland stone, are inscribed the names of 56,000 men, including 6,178 Australians, who served in the Ypres campaign and who have no known grave.

The opening of the Menin Gate Memorial on 24 July 1927 so moved the Australian artist Will Longstaff that he painted 'The Menin Gate at Midnight', which portrays a ghostly army of the dead marching past the Menin Gate. The painting now hangs in the Australian War Memorial, Canberra, at the entrance of which are two medieval stone lions presented to the Memorial by the City of Ypres in 1936.

Since the 1930s, with the brief interval of the German occupation in the Second World War, the City of Ypres has conducted a ceremony at the Memorial at dusk each evening to commemorate those who died in the Ypres campaign.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
132
Miscellaneous information from
  cemetery records
Parents: Herbert Edward and Eva Helen MACKENZIE. Native of Calcutta, India
Medals

Military Medal

'On the 7th/8th and 9th June, 1917, during operations south east of MESSINES, this man, as a Company runner performed invaluable work in carrying important despatches from the advanced troops to his Headquarters, passing on many occasions through extremely heavy artillery fire. In addition he carried water to his comrades in forward positions and right throughout displayed the greatest coolness, courage and resource.'
Source: 'Commonwealth Gazette' No. 219
Date: 20 December 1917

Other details

War service: Western Front

Medals: Military Medal, British War Medal, Victory Medal

Print format    


© The AIF Project 2023, UNSW Canberra. Not to be reproduced without permission.