The AIF Project


Regimental number1195
Date of birth18 April 1896
Place of birthBridge of Allan, Scotland
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation18
Height6' 6.75"
Weight142 lbs
Next of kinMother, Emily Mitchell, Big Hill, Lancefield, Victoria
Previous military serviceNil
Place of enlistmentMelbourne, Victoria
Unit name9th Battalion, 1st Reinforcement
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/26/2
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Melbourne, Victoria, on board HMAT A32 Themistocles on 22 December 1914
Rank from Nominal RollPrivate
Unit from Nominal Roll9th Battalion
FateKilled in Action 25 April 1915
Age at death from cemetery records18
Commemoration detailsThe Lone Pine Memorial (Panel 31), Gallipoli, Turkey

The Lone Pine Memorial, situated in the Lone Pine Cemetery at Anzac, is the main Australian Memorial on Gallipoli, and one of four memorials to men of the New Zealand Expeditionary Force. Designed by Sir John Burnet, the principal architect of the Gallipoli cemeteries, it is a thick tapering pylon 14.3 metres high on a square base 12.98 metres wide. It is constructed from limestone mined at Ilgardere in Turkey.

The Memorial commemorates the 3268 Australians and 456 New Zealanders who have no known grave and the 960 Australians and 252 New Zealanders who were buried at sea after evacuation through wounds or disease. The names of New Zealanders commemorated are inscribed on stone panels mounted on the south and north sides of the pylon, while those of the Australians are listed on a long wall of panels in front of the pylon and to either side. Names are arranged by unit and rank.

The Memorial stands over the centre of the Turkish trenches and tunnels which were the scene of heavy fighting during the August offensive. Most cemeteries on Gallipoli contain relatively few marked graves, and the majority of Australians killed on Gallipoli are commemorated here.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
Miscellaneous information from
  cemetery records
Parents: William Smith and Emily MITCHELL, Bena, Victoria. Native of Bridge of Allan, Scotland
Other details

War service: Egypt, Gallipoli

Embarked Alexandria, 2 March 1915, to join the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force, Gallipoli.

Reported missing in action, Gaba Tepe; Court of Enquiry, held 22 January 1916, determined fate as killed in action, 25 April 1915.

No 123 Pte P.J. ROGERS, 9th Bn, testified, 21 January 1916: 'Witness saw Mitchell killed the first day of the landing at Anzac; the 25th April. Mitchell was shot through the neck on the first ridge about three hundred yards inland, just at break of day.' Second witness, 1119 Pte F.J. FINNERAN, 9th Bn, stated: '... he saw Keith Mitchell about 3 p.m. on the Sunday of the original landing. He had been shot and was being assisted to the rear. He seemed in much pain and was singing out. Witness has not seen or heard of him since, and adds that they had subsequently to retire from the place where they saw him, and he cannot say how far to the rear they took Mitchell.'

Medals: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal

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