James Alexander MONTGOMERY

Regimental number1787
Date of birth29 September 1895
Place of birthFernacussog, Drouin, Victoria
SchoolTahara and Drouin State Schools, Victoria
OccupationBank clerk
AddressBank of New South Wales, Crookwell, New South Wales
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation19
Next of kinFather, J R Montgomery, Tahara, via Hamilton, Victoria
Previous military serviceNil
Enlistment date3 December 1914
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name2nd Battalion, 4th Reinforcement
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/19/2
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Sydney, New South Wales, on board HMAT A8 Argyllshire on 10 April 1915
Rank from Nominal RollPrivate
Unit from Nominal Roll2nd Battalion
Recommendations (Medals and Awards)

Mention in Despatches

Awarded, and promulgated, 'London Gazette', Supplement, No. 29455 (28 January 1916); 'Commonwealth Gazette' No. 44 (6 April 1916).

Other details from Roll of Honour CircularJoined the Bank of New South Wales, Bathurst Street, Sydney, branch, 11 March 1914. Transferred to Goulburn branch, 3 February 1914; to Crookwell branch, 24 August 1914. 'At school he was an alert & intelligent scholar. Afterwards he proved an able speaker & keen debater and was Secretary of the Tahara (Vic) debating society up to the time he joined the bank of NSW at Sydney. Only 18 years old when war was declared he [illegible].' (details from uncle)
FateDied of wounds 11 August 1915
Place of death or woundingLone Pine, Gallipoli, Turkey
Date of death11 August 1915
Place of burialAt Sea
Commemoration detailsThe Lone Pine Memorial (Panel 18), Gallipoli, Turkey

The Lone Pine Memorial, situated in the Lone Pine Cemetery at Anzac, is the main Australian Memorial on Gallipoli, and one of four memorials to men of the New Zealand Expeditionary Force. Designed by Sir John Burnet, the principal architect of the Gallipoli cemeteries, it is a thick tapering pylon 14.3 metres high on a square base 12.98 metres wide. It is constructed from limestone mined at Ilgardere in Turkey.

The Memorial commemorates the 3268 Australians and 456 New Zealanders who have no known grave and the 960 Australians and 252 New Zealanders who were buried at sea after evacuation through wounds or disease. The names of New Zealanders commemorated are inscribed on stone panels mounted on the south and north sides of the pylon, while those of the Australians are listed on a long wall of panels in front of the pylon and to either side. Names are arranged by unit and rank.

The Memorial stands over the centre of the Turkish trenches and tunnels which were the scene of heavy fighting during the August offensive. Most cemeteries on Gallipoli contain relatively few marked graves, and the majority of Australians killed on Gallipoli are commemorated here.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
Family/military connectionsCousins: 6063 Pte Roy Arnold MacFARLANE, 38th Bn, died of wounds, 12 March 1917; 4735 Lance Corporal Gilbert BELL, 46th Bn, killed in action, 11 April 1917.
Other details

War service: Egypt, Gallipoli

Medals: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal
Sources'Bank of New South Wales Roll of Honour' (Sydney, 1921), p. 288