The AIF Project

Alexander Roxburgh MUIR

Regimental number4661
Place of birthHomebush, North Sydney, New South Wales
SchoolNewington College, Stanmore, New South Wales
Other trainingTwo years at Sydney University School of Engineering.
ReligionPresbyterian
OccupationStudent
AddressMiddleton Street, Stanmore, New South Wales
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation20
Next of kinMother, Mrs J.P. Muir, Brescia, Appian Way, near Burwood, Sydney, New South Wales
Previous military serviceServed in the Sydney University Scouts.
Enlistment date31 August 1915
Date of enlistment from Nominal Roll14 September 1915
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name1st Battalion, 14th Reinforcement
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/18/4
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Sydney, New South Wales, on board RMS Osterley on 15 January 1916
Rank from Nominal RollLieutenant
Unit from Nominal Roll45th Battalion
Recommendations (Medals and Awards)

Military Cross


Recommendation date: 14 June 1917

Other details from Roll of Honour CircularHe was a strong mathematician winning an open scholarship and the Wigram Allen scholarship for mathematics at Newington College. He was awarded the Military Cross for services at the Battle of Messines in June of 1916.
FateReturned to Australia 20 October 1918
Place of death or woundingPasschendaele, Ypres, Belgium
Age at death22
Age at death from cemetery records22
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsThe Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial (Panel 27), Belgium

The Menin Gate Memorial (so named because the road led to the town of Menin) was constructed on the site of a gateway in the eastern walls of the old Flemish town of Ypres, Belgium, where hundreds of thousands of allied troops passed on their way to the front, the Ypres salient, the site from April 1915 to the end of the war of some of the fiercest fighting of the war.

The Memorial was conceived as a monument to the 350,000 men of the British Empire who fought in the campaign. Inside the arch, on tablets of Portland stone, are inscribed the names of 56,000 men, including 6,178 Australians, who served in the Ypres campaign and who have no known grave.

The opening of the Menin Gate Memorial on 24 July 1927 so moved the Australian artist Will Longstaff that he painted 'The Menin Gate at Midnight', which portrays a ghostly army of the dead marching past the Menin Gate. The painting now hangs in the Australian War Memorial, Canberra, at the entrance of which are two medieval stone lions presented to the Memorial by the City of Ypres in 1936.

Since the 1930s, with the brief interval of the German occupation in the Second World War, the City of Ypres has conducted a ceremony at the Memorial at dusk each evening to commemorate those who died in the Ypres campaign.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
140
Miscellaneous information from
  cemetery records
Parents: John Paton and Jeanie Paton MUIR, 'Brescia', Appian Way, Burwood, New South Wales
Medals

Military Cross

'For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty. He led his platoon with great skill and determination, capturing an enemy strong point, which he reorganized and held. He afterwards did most valuable work in extending his battalion fron and in leading a reconnoitring patrol into the enemy's country.'
Source: 'Commonwealth Gazette' No. 219
Date: 20 December 1917

Other details

War service: Western Front

Medals: Military Cross, British War Medal, Victory Medal

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