The AIF Project

Harold Frederick BLACK

Regimental number1028
Date of birth13 January 1895
Place of birthProspect, Adelaide, South Australia
ReligionChurch of England
AddressRenmark, South Australia
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation19
Height5' 7"
Weight140 lbs
Next of kinFather, E.W. Black, Church Avenue, Norwood, South Australia
Previous military serviceMember for 1 year, Renmark Rifle Club.
Enlistment date4 September 1914
Place of enlistmentMorphettville, South Australia
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name10th Battalion, E Company
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/27/1
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Adelaide, South Australia, on board Transport A11 Ascanius on 20 October 1914
Rank from Nominal RollPrivate
Unit from Nominal Roll10th Battalion
Other details from Roll of Honour CircularEnlisted 4 September 1914.
FateKilled in Action 29 April 1915
Miscellaneous details (Nominal Roll)Harold spelt Harrold
Place of death or woundingGallipoli, Turkey
Date of death25-29 April 1915
Age at death20
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsThe Lone Pine Memorial (Panel 32), Gallipoli, Turkey

The Lone Pine Memorial, situated in the Lone Pine Cemetery at Anzac, is the main Australian Memorial on Gallipoli, and one of four memorials to men of the New Zealand Expeditionary Force. Designed by Sir John Burnet, the principal architect of the Gallipoli cemeteries, it is a thick tapering pylon 14.3 metres high on a square base 12.98 metres wide. It is constructed from limestone mined at Ilgardere in Turkey.

The Memorial commemorates the 3268 Australians and 456 New Zealanders who have no known grave and the 960 Australians and 252 New Zealanders who were buried at sea after evacuation through wounds or disease. The names of New Zealanders commemorated are inscribed on stone panels mounted on the south and north sides of the pylon, while those of the Australians are listed on a long wall of panels in front of the pylon and to either side. Names are arranged by unit and rank.

The Memorial stands over the centre of the Turkish trenches and tunnels which were the scene of heavy fighting during the August offensive. Most cemeteries on Gallipoli contain relatively few marked graves, and the majority of Australians killed on Gallipoli are commemorated here.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
Other details

War service: Egypt, Gallipoli

Embarked Alexandria to join the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force (Gallipoli Campaign), 2 March 1915.

Posted as missing in action, Gallipoli Peninsula, between 25 and 29 April 1915.

Court of Enquiry, France, 5 June 1916, pronounces fate as 'Killed in Action, Gallipoli Peninsula, between 25 and 29 April 1915'.

Statement, Red Cross File No 0400504D, 2226 Pte M.F. TOBER, D Company, 10th Bn (patient, No 1 Australian Auxiliary Hospital, Harefield, England), 21 February 1916: 'Somewhere about the end of June near Shrapnel Gully, Anzac, our company was advancing against the Turkish trenches and as we were coming back I saw Black shot. His head was blown clean off. I was next man but one to him and could not be mistaken.'

Medals: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal
SourcesNAA: B2455, BLACK Harold Frederick
Red Cross File No 0400504D

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