|Place of birth||Horsham, Victoria|
|Religion||Church of England|
|Address||Kanumbra via Yea, Victoria|
|Age at embarkation||27|
|Next of kin||J T Pendlebury, Kanumbra via Yea, Victoria|
|Previous military service||Nil|
|Rank on enlistment||Batman|
|Unit name||Field Artillery Brigade 2, Head-Quarters|
|AWM Embarkation Roll number||13/30/1|
|Embarkation details||Unit embarked from Melbourne, Victoria, on board Transport A9 Shropshire on
|Rank from Nominal Roll||Corporal|
|Unit from Nominal Roll||1st Divisional Signal Company|
|Fate||Killed in Action
|Age at death from cemetery records||30|
|Place of burial||No known grave|
|Commemoration details||The Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial (Panel 7), Belgium
The Menin Gate Memorial (so named because the road led to the town of Menin) was constructed on the site of a gateway in the eastern walls of the old Flemish town of Ypres, Belgium, where hundreds of thousands of allied troops passed on their way to the front, the Ypres salient, the site from April 1915 to the end of the war of some of the fiercest fighting of the war.
The Memorial was conceived as a monument to the 350,000 men of the British Empire who fought in the campaign. Inside the arch, on tablets of Portland stone, are inscribed the names of 56,000 men, including 6,178 Australians, who served in the Ypres campaign and who have no known grave.
The opening of the Menin Gate Memorial on 24 July 1927 so moved the Australian artist Will Longstaff that he painted 'The Menin Gate at Midnight', which portrays a ghostly army of the dead marching past the Menin Gate. The painting now hangs in the Australian War Memorial, Canberra, at the entrance of which are two medieval stone lions presented to the Memorial by the City of Ypres in 1936.
Since the 1930s, with the brief interval of the German occupation in the Second World War, the City of Ypres has conducted a ceremony at the Memorial at dusk each evening to commemorate those who died in the Ypres campaign.
|Panel number, Roll of Honour,|
Australian War Memorial
|Miscellaneous information from|
|Parents: John Thomas and Isabella PENDLEBURY, Penniger Street, Broadford,Victoria|
War service: Egypt, Gallipoli, Western Front
Joined Mediterranean Expeditionary Force, Gallipoli, 8 April 1915.
Promoted Corporal, 30 November 1915.
Disembarked Alexandria, 27 December 1915 (general Gallipoli evacuation).
Proceeded from Alexandria to join the British Expeditionary Force, 22 March 1916; disembarked Marseilles, France, 28 March 1916.
Transferred to 1st Divisional Signal Company, 6 June 1917.
Attached to 2nd Field Artillery Brigade, 6 June 1917.
Killed in action, Belgium, 15 August 1917.
Medals: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory MedalFather requested that the Star of David be inscribed on his headstone; Base Records advised, 6 November 1920, that perhaps the family was not aware 'that this is the customary emblem of the Jewish Faith, and as the late soldier was a member of the Church of England, it is thought you would perfer to have the Cross inscribed.' [Given that Corporal PENDLEBURY had no known grave, it is not clear why in 1920 there was correspondence with his family about the emblem to be displayed on his headstone.]