|Place of birth||Redfern, Sydney, New South Wales|
|School||Leichhardt Public School, New South Wales|
|Address||12 Beckman Street, West Maitland, New South Wales|
|Age at embarkation||20|
|Next of kin||Father, R Ratcliffe, 12 Beckman Street, West Maitland, New South Wales|
|Previous military service||Served for 1 year in the Senior Cadets; 2 years 5 months in the Citizen Military Forces.|
|Place of enlistment||Liverpool, New South Wales|
|Rank on enlistment||Corporal|
|Unit name||4th Battalion, 2nd Reinforcement|
|AWM Embarkation Roll number||23/21/2|
|Embarkation details||Unit embarked from Sydney, New South Wales, on board HMAT A48 Seang Bee on
|Rank from Nominal Roll||Corporal|
|Unit from Nominal Roll||4th Battalion|
|Fate||Killed in Action
|Place of death or wounding||Gallipoli, Turkey|
|Age at death from cemetery records||21|
|Place of burial||No known grave|
|Commemoration details||The Lone Pine Memorial (Panel 7), Gallipoli, Turkey
The Lone Pine Memorial, situated in the Lone Pine Cemetery at Anzac, is the main Australian Memorial on Gallipoli, and one of four memorials to men of the New Zealand Expeditionary Force. Designed by Sir John Burnet, the principal architect of the Gallipoli cemeteries, it is a thick tapering pylon 14.3 metres high on a square base 12.98 metres wide. It is constructed from limestone mined at Ilgardere in Turkey.
The Memorial commemorates the 3268 Australians and 456 New Zealanders who have no known grave and the 960 Australians and 252 New Zealanders who were buried at sea after evacuation through wounds or disease. The names of New Zealanders commemorated are inscribed on stone panels mounted on the south and north sides of the pylon, while those of the Australians are listed on a long wall of panels in front of the pylon and to either side. Names are arranged by unit and rank.
The Memorial stands over the centre of the Turkish trenches and tunnels which were the scene of heavy fighting during the August offensive. Most cemeteries on Gallipoli contain relatively few marked graves, and the majority of Australians killed on Gallipoli are commemorated here.
|Panel number, Roll of Honour,|
Australian War Memorial
|Miscellaneous information from|
|Parents: Richard and Elizabeth RATCLIFFE, Gordon Avenue, Hamilton, New South Wales. Native of Maitland|
|Family/military connections||Brothers: 4882 Pte John RATCLIFFE, 55th Bn, returned to Australia, 5 March 1919; 4771 Corporal Sidney Thomas RATCLIFFE, 13th Bn, died of wounds while POW, 12 November 1916.|
War service: Egypt, Gallipoli
Joined Bn at Gallipoli, 1 June 1915.
Admitted sick to Anzac Casualty Clearing Station, 5 July 1915; rejoined Bn, 12 July 1915 (no further details recorded).
Reported missing, 6-9 August 1915.
Statement, Red Cross File No 2240707M, 1601 Pte A. McCURRIE, 4th Bn, 3 April 1916: 'About midnight on 6th August in a Turkish communication trench between the 1st and 2nd lines of Turkish trenches at Lone Pine, informant was lying down after having been wounded. Ratcliffe, after taking part in the charge, returned along this trench to get some empty sand bags. While on his way back to the firing line, he was struck with shrapnel and killed instantly. He fell right alongside informant.'
Second statement, 1468 Lance Corporal W. BLACKMORE, D Company, 4th Bn (patient, Ghezireh Hospital, Cairo), 7 January 1916 Ratcliffe was laid up owing to having damaged his foot in some way. Informant heard he was reported missing after the charge but there was some doubt whether or not he was in it at all. Informant did not see him in it, and personally he thinks he was not there, but had gone away invalided. Informant has not seen or heard of him since.'
Court of Enquiry, held at Fleurbaix, France, 22 April 1916, declared fate to be 'killed in action, 6-9 August 1915'.Medals: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal
|Sources||NAA: B2455, RATCLIFFE James
Red Cross File No 2240707M