The AIF Project

Maxwell Grant ALLAN

Regimental number5028
Place of birthPort Melbourne, Victoria
SchoolSturt Street Public School and Adelaide High School, South Australia
ReligionChurch of Christ
OccupationGrocers assistant
AddressPulsford Road, Prospect, South Australia
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation18
Height5' 8.5"
Weight147 lbs
Next of kinMother, Mrs E Allan, Pulsford Road, Prospect, South Australia
Previous military serviceServed for 2 years in the 75th Bn, Senior Cadets, and 1 year in the Citizen Military Forces.
Enlistment date17 December 1915
Date of enlistment from Nominal Roll17 December 1915
Place of enlistmentAdelaide, South Australia
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name10th Battalion, 16th Reinforcement
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/27/4
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Adelaide, South Australia, on board HMAT A9 Shropshire on 25 March 1916
Regimental number from Nominal Roll5028A
Rank from Nominal RollLance Corporal
Unit from Nominal Roll32nd Battalion
FateKilled in Action 20 May 1917
Age at death21
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsAustralian National Memorial, Villers-Bretonneux, France

Villers-Bretonneux is a village about 15 km east of Amiens. The Memorial stands on the high ground ('Hill 104') behind the Villers-Bretonneux Military Cemetery, Fouilloy, which is about 2 km north of Villers-Bretonneux on the east side of the road to Fouilloy.

The Australian National Memorial, Villers-Bretonneux is approached through the Military Cemetery, at the end of which is an open grass lawn which leads into a three-sided court. The two pavilions on the left and right are linked by the north and south walls to the back (east) wall, from which rises the focal point of the Memorial, a 105 foot tall tower, of fine ashlar. A staircase leads to an observation platform, 64 feet above the ground, from which further staircases lead to an observation room. This room contains a circular stone tablet with bronze pointers indicating the Somme villages whose names have become synonymous with battles of the Great War; other battle fields in France and Belgium in which Australians fought; and far beyond, Gallipoli and Canberra.

On the three walls, which are faced with Portland stone, are the names of 10,885 Australians who were killed in France and who have no known grave. The 'blocking course' above them bears the names of the Australian Battle Honours.

After the war an appeal in Australia raised £22,700, of which £12,500 came from Victorian school children, with the request that the majority of the funds be used to build a new school in Villers-Bretonneux. The boys' school opened in May 1927, and contains an inscription stating that the school was the gift of Victorian schoolchildren, twelve hundred of whose fathers are buried in the Villers-Bretonneux cemetery, with the names of many more recorded on the Memorial. Villers-Bretonneux is now twinned with Robinvale, Victoria, which has in its main square a memorial to the links between the two towns.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
Miscellaneous information from
  cemetery records
Parents: Maxwell Grant Davidson and Esther ALLAN, 5 Eliza Street, Gilberton, South Australia
Other details

War service: Western Front

Proceeded overseas to France from 1st Training Bn, Perham Downs, England, 9 August 1916; taken on strength, 32nd Bn, in the field, 13 October 1916, and allotted Regimental No 5028A.

Detached to Lewis Gun course, 26 December 1916; rejoined Bn, in the field, 26 April 1917.

Appointed Lance Corporal, 26 April 1917.

Killed in action, 20 May 1917.

Note on file: 'Buried just N. of Lagnicourt 6 miles N.E. of Bapaume, France.'

Medals: British War Medal, Victory Medal
SourcesNAA: B2455, ALLAN Maxwell Grant

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