The AIF Project

Samuel BOYD

Regimental number4070
Place of birthBothwell, Scotland
School'Abotshall' School, Kirkaldy, Scotland
Age on arrival in Australia19
ReligionPresbyterian
OccupationLabourer
AddressLithgow, New South Wales
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation23
Next of kinFriend, Mrs R Hall, Newnes, New South Wales
Previous military serviceNil
Enlistment date22 October 1915
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name20th Battalion, 10th Reinforcement
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/37/2
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Sydney, New South Wales, on board HMAT A67 Orsova on 11 March 1916
Rank from Nominal RollSergeant
Unit from Nominal Roll20th Battalion
Other details from Roll of Honour CircularRecommended for the Distinguished Conduct Medal (information from mother).
FateKilled in Action 20 September 1917
Place of death or woundingBelgium
Date of death20 September 1917
Age at death25
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsThe Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial (Panel 23), Belgium

The Menin Gate Memorial (so named because the road led to the town of Menin) was constructed on the site of a gateway in the eastern walls of the old Flemish town of Ypres, Belgium, where hundreds of thousands of allied troops passed on their way to the front, the Ypres salient, the site from April 1915 to the end of the war of some of the fiercest fighting of the war.

The Memorial was conceived as a monument to the 350,000 men of the British Empire who fought in the campaign. Inside the arch, on tablets of Portland stone, are inscribed the names of 56,000 men, including 6,178 Australians, who served in the Ypres campaign and who have no known grave.

The opening of the Menin Gate Memorial on 24 July 1927 so moved the Australian artist Will Longstaff that he painted 'The Menin Gate at Midnight', which portrays a ghostly army of the dead marching past the Menin Gate. The painting now hangs in the Australian War Memorial, Canberra, at the entrance of which are two medieval stone lions presented to the Memorial by the City of Ypres in 1936.

Since the 1930s, with the brief interval of the German occupation in the Second World War, the City of Ypres has conducted a ceremony at the Memorial at dusk each evening to commemorate those who died in the Ypres campaign.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
90
Medals

Military Medal

'This N.C.O. behaved in a most splendid and soldier like manner during the whole of the operations before REINCOURT on 3rd May. He showed throughout the enemy bombardment great coolness and resource, keeping his Lewis Gun team well in hand and under control. Although the casualties in his team were heavy he maintained a constant effective fire against the severe pressure of the enemy. Later he and the remaining two of his team took up an exposed position covering our flank during the action.'
Source: 'Commonwealth Gazette' No. 189
Date: 8 November 1917

Other details

War service: Western Front

Medals: Military Medal, British War Medal, Victory Medal

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