The AIF Project

David Austral TWINING

Regimental number2629
Date of birth19 November 1895
Place of birthMelbourne, Victoria
ReligionChurch of England
AddressTranscontinental Line, Kalgoorlie, Western Australia
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation19
Weight165 lbs
Next of kinMother, Mrs C Twining, Willaura, Victoria
Previous military serviceYes now serving under U.T Regs. Rank 2nd Lieut}
Enlistment date21 June 1915
Place of enlistmentBlackboy Hill, Western Australia
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name16th Battalion, 8th Reinforcement
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/33/3
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Fremantle, Western Australia, on board HMAT A68 Anchises on 2 September 1915
Regimental number from Nominal RollCommissioned
Rank from Nominal RollCaptain
Unit from Nominal Roll48th Battalion

2nd Lieutenant

Unit: 48th Battalion
Promotion date: 12 August 1916


Unit: 48th Battalion
Promotion date: 12 November 1916


Unit: 48th Battalion
Promotion date: 10 July 1917

Recommendations (Medals and Awards)

Mention in Despatches

Awarded, and promulgated, 'London Gazette' No. 30706 (28 May 1918); 'Commonwealth Gazette' No. 165 (24 October 1918).

Mention in Despatches

Awarded, and gazetted, 'London Gazette', second Supplement, No. 30448 (28 December 1917); 'Commonwealth Gazette' No. 57 (18 April 1918).

Mention in Despatches

Awarded, and promulgated, 'London Gazette', second Supplement, No. 30107 (1 June 1917); 'Commonwealth Gazette' No. 169 (4 October 1917).

FateReturned to Australia 13 April 1919
Miscellaneous information from
  cemetery records
Photo: Peter Dennis

Military Medal

'Was Sergeant of Scout Platoon. After his Officer was wounded on the afternoon of 5th August, 1916, he took charge of the scouts, and took up a position about 50 yards beyond the POZIERES MILL. He patrolled the front between BAPAUME Road and R.35.c.4.8 and reconnoitred the mill. He remained in this position the whole time from the night of 5th/6th August, 1916, until about 10 a.m. on 7th August, 1916. During the German counter attack on the morning of 7th August, 1916, he was able to bring flanking fire on the attacking infantry, and thus was of great assistance in repelling the attack. At about 10 a.m. on 7th August, 1916 he was left with three wounded and one unwounded man, and was ordered in. He afterwards returned to the position to bring in his wounded comrades, and was himself wounded while do so. The work of this N.C.O. was particularly meritorious.'
Source: 'Commonwealth Gazette' No. 62
Date: 19 April 1917

Military Cross

'For conspicuous gallantry and resource in an attack. When part of the assaulting line was held up by machine gun fire, he led forward a party under intense fire, and worked round the flanks of the position. He captured the machinegun and some prisoners, and thereby prevented many casualties. He displayed untiring energy and courage throughout.'
Source: 'Commonwealth Gazette' No. 61
Date: 23 May 1919

Croix de Guerre (France)

Source: 'Commonwealth Gazette' No. 23
Date: 12 February 1919

Discharge date1 August 1919
Other details

War service: Egypt, Western Front

Appointed Lance Corporal, 9 November 1915; Temporary Corporal, 3 March 1916; Sergeant, 14 April 1916; wounded, 7 August 1916; commissioned, 12 November 1916.

Transferred to 48th Battalion, 3 March 1916; appointed Adjutant, 11 October 1916.

Detached for duty with American Army, 24 September 1918; rejoined unit, 2 October 1918.

Commenced return to Australia on board HT 'Commonwealth', 13 April 1919; disembarked Melbourne, 8 June 1919; discharged (appointment terminated), Melbourne, 1 August 1920.

Cause of death: suicide

Medals: Military Cross, Military Medal, 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal
Date of death26 August 1931
Age at death35
Place of burialAIF Cemetery, West Terrace, Adelaide, South Australia

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