The AIF Project

Frederick Alfred VALLAS

Regimental number1574
Place of birthWest Norwood, Surrey, England
ReligionChurch of England
OccupationFarm labourer
Addressc/o Dr Sexton, Tamworth, New South Wales
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation22
Height5' 7.5"
Weight137 lbs
Next of kinMother, Mrs S Vallace, 23 Dunkirk Street, West Norwood, London, England
Previous military serviceNil
Enlistment date6 April 1915
Date of enlistment from Nominal Roll6 April 1915
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name20th Battalion, 1st Reinforcement
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/37/2
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Sydney, New South Wales, on board HMAT A35 Berrima on 6 June 1915
Unit from Nominal Roll20th Battalion
FateKilled in Action 20 September 1917
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsThe Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial (Panel 23), Belgium

The Menin Gate Memorial (so named because the road led to the town of Menin) was constructed on the site of a gateway in the eastern walls of the old Flemish town of Ypres, Belgium, where hundreds of thousands of allied troops passed on their way to the front, the Ypres salient, the site from April 1915 to the end of the war of some of the fiercest fighting of the war.

The Memorial was conceived as a monument to the 350,000 men of the British Empire who fought in the campaign. Inside the arch, on tablets of Portland stone, are inscribed the names of 56,000 men, including 6,178 Australians, who served in the Ypres campaign and who have no known grave.

The opening of the Menin Gate Memorial on 24 July 1927 so moved the Australian artist Will Longstaff that he painted 'The Menin Gate at Midnight', which portrays a ghostly army of the dead marching past the Menin Gate. The painting now hangs in the Australian War Memorial, Canberra, at the entrance of which are two medieval stone lions presented to the Memorial by the City of Ypres in 1936.

Since the 1930s, with the brief interval of the German occupation in the Second World War, the City of Ypres has conducted a ceremony at the Memorial at dusk each evening to commemorate those who died in the Ypres campaign.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
92
Miscellaneous information from
  cemetery records
Spelt VALLAS on cemetery details
Other details

War service: Egypt, Gallipoli, Western Front

Proceeded from Alexandria to join the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force, Gallipoli, 3 August 1915. Disembarked Alexandria ex Mudros, 4 January 1916 (general Gallipoli evacuation).Taken on strength, 20th Bn, Tel el Kebir, 18 January 1916; attached to Anzac Bomb Factory. Found guilty, 4 March 1916, of being absent without leave, noon, 26 February, to 6 pm, 29 February 1916: awarded 7 days' Field Punishment No. 2.

Proceeded from Alexandria to join the British Expeditionary Force, 18 March 1916; disembarked Marseilles, 25 March 1916.

Wounded in action, 5 May 1916 (gun shot wound, arm and thigh); admitted to 26th General Hospital, Etaples, 7 May 1916; discharged to duty, 4 June 1916; marched out with 1st Anzac Entrenching Bn, 26 June 1916; rejoined Bn, 2 August 1916. Appointed Lance Corporal, 26 August 1916; promoted Corporal, 14 October 1916. Admitted to 5th Australian Field Ambulance, 13 November 1916 (trench feet); rejoined Bn, 25 November 1916.

Found guilty by Field General Court Martial, Coisy, 4 December 1916, of being absent without leave, 9 pm, 27 November, to 6 pm, 28 November 1916: awarded reduction to the ranks and forfeiture of 1 day's pay.

Admitted to 8th Australian Field Ambulance, 13 December 1916; transferred to 1st New Zealand Stationary Hospital, Amiens, 14 December 1916; to 51st General Hospital, Etaples, 17 December 1916; discharged to Base Details after treatment for venereal disease, 13 January 1917; admitted to Segregation Camp, 2nd Division Base Depot, 2 March 1917; marched out from Segregation Camp, 16 April 1917; rejoined Bn, 20 April 1917.

Killed in action, Belgium, 20 September 1917.

Medals: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal
Miscellaneous detailsName entered as VALLACE on Embarkation Roll.

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