The AIF Project

Oscar Vincent VIGAR

Regimental number2821
Place of birthMorgan, South Australia
SchoolMorgan Public School, South Australia
AddressBoothby, South Australia
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation21
Next of kinMother, Mrs Elizabeth Vigar, Boothby, South Australia
Previous military serviceServed for 1 year in the 74th Infantry, Citizen Military Forces.
Enlistment date2 August 1915
Date of enlistment from Nominal Roll26 July 1915
Rank on enlistmentActing Corporal
Unit name27th Battalion, 6th Reinforcement
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/44/2
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Adelaide, South Australia, on board HMAT A24 Benalla on 27 October 1915
Rank from Nominal RollPrivate
Unit from Nominal Roll10th Battalion
FateKilled in Action 9 November 1917
Place of death or woundingFrance
Age at death23
Age at death from cemetery records23
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsThe Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial (Panel 17), Belgium

The Menin Gate Memorial (so named because the road led to the town of Menin) was constructed on the site of a gateway in the eastern walls of the old Flemish town of Ypres, Belgium, where hundreds of thousands of allied troops passed on their way to the front, the Ypres salient, the site from April 1915 to the end of the war of some of the fiercest fighting of the war.

The Memorial was conceived as a monument to the 350,000 men of the British Empire who fought in the campaign. Inside the arch, on tablets of Portland stone, are inscribed the names of 56,000 men, including 6,178 Australians, who served in the Ypres campaign and who have no known grave.

The opening of the Menin Gate Memorial on 24 July 1927 so moved the Australian artist Will Longstaff that he painted 'The Menin Gate at Midnight', which portrays a ghostly army of the dead marching past the Menin Gate. The painting now hangs in the Australian War Memorial, Canberra, at the entrance of which are two medieval stone lions presented to the Memorial by the City of Ypres in 1936.

Since the 1930s, with the brief interval of the German occupation in the Second World War, the City of Ypres has conducted a ceremony at the Memorial at dusk each evening to commemorate those who died in the Ypres campaign.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
Miscellaneous information from
  cemetery records
Parents: WIlliam and Elizabeth VIGAR, 32 Hawker's Road, Medindie, South Australia. Native of Boothby, South Australia
Family/military connectionsBrother: 1715 Pte Norman Joseph VIGAR, 10th Bn, killed in action, 20-21 August 1917.
Other details

War service: Egypt, Western Front

Reverted to ranks on joining 10th Bn, Serapeum, 28 February 1916.

Proceeded from Alexandria to join the British Expeditionary Force, 27 March 1916; disembarked Marseilles, 3 April 1916. Detached to Anzac Kit Depot, 21 April 1916. Admitted to 1st Australian General Hospital, Rouen, 18 July 1916 (diarrhoea); rejoined 10th Bn, 25 August 1916.

Admitted to 2nd Australian Field Ambulance, 11 November 1916 (trench feet); embarked for England, 14 November 1916. Marched into No. 3 Command Depot, Hurdcott, 23 March 1917. Proceeded overseas to France, 12 July 1917; rejoined 10th Bn, 29 July 1917.

Reported missing in action, Belgium, 8 October 1917; subsequently confirmed as killed in action.

Medals: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal

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