Ross Raynor WEST

Regimental number28988
Place of birthNorth Sydney, New South Wales
Other NamesWEST, Ross Ray
SchoolThe Meadows, Seven Hills, and Parramatta South Public Schools, New South Wales
ReligionChurch of England
AddressSeven Hills, New South Wales
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation23
Next of kinFather, H West, Seven Hills, New South Wales
Previous military serviceNil
Enlistment date17 June 1916
Rank on enlistmentGunner
Unit nameMedium Trench Mortar Battery Reinforcement 3
AWM Embarkation Roll number13/129/2
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Sydney, New South Wales, on board HMAT A30 Borda on 17 October 1916
Rank from Nominal RollGunner
Unit from Nominal Roll56th Battalion
FateKilled in Action 25 September 1917
Place of death or woundingPolygon Wood, Ypres, Belgium
Age at death23
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsThe Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial (Panel 29), Belgium

The Menin Gate Memorial (so named because the road led to the town of Menin) was constructed on the site of a gateway in the eastern walls of the old Flemish town of Ypres, Belgium, where hundreds of thousands of allied troops passed on their way to the front, the Ypres salient, the site from April 1915 to the end of the war of some of the fiercest fighting of the war.

The Memorial was conceived as a monument to the 350,000 men of the British Empire who fought in the campaign. Inside the arch, on tablets of Portland stone, are inscribed the names of 56,000 men, including 6,178 Australians, who served in the Ypres campaign and who have no known grave.

The opening of the Menin Gate Memorial on 24 July 1927 so moved the Australian artist Will Longstaff that he painted 'The Menin Gate at Midnight', which portrays a ghostly army of the dead marching past the Menin Gate. The painting now hangs in the Australian War Memorial, Canberra, at the entrance of which are two medieval stone lions presented to the Memorial by the City of Ypres in 1936.

Since the 1930s, with the brief interval of the German occupation in the Second World War, the City of Ypres has conducted a ceremony at the Memorial at dusk each evening to commemorate those who died in the Ypres campaign.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
Miscellaneous information from
  cemetery records
Parents: Henry and Florence Eliza WEST
Family/military connectionsBrother: 1527 Sergeant Herbert Walker WEST, 4th Machine Gun Squadron, killed in action, 25 September 1918.
Other details

War service: Western Front

Embarked Sydney on board HT 'Broda', 17 October 1916; disembarked Plymouth, England, 9 January 1917.

Admitted to Norfolk War Hospital, 10 January 1917 (sick: slight); marched into No 1 Command Depot, Perham Downs, from hospital, 13 January 1917.

Proceeded overseas to France from 14th Training Bn, 14 March 1917; joined 56th Bn, in the field, 21 April 1917.

Detached to Stokes Mortar School, 2 May 1917; rejoined unit, 17 May 1917.

Detached for duty with 14th Australian Light Trench Mortar Battery, 4 June 1917.

Killed in action, 25 September 1917.

Medals: British War Medal, Victory Medal