The AIF Project

Clarence Cawtan AMOS

Regimental number759
Place of birthFaversham, Kent, England
Other NamesClarence Cowtan
SchoolOrphan Home, Snaresbrook, Essex, England
Other trainingMotor driver
Age on arrival in Australia30
ReligionChurch of England
OccupationLabourer
AddressPO, Elkhorn, Manitoba, Canada
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation36
Height5' 7"
Weight145 lbs
Next of kinBrother, W.W. Amos, Elkhorn PO, Elkhorn, Manitoba, Canada
Previous military serviceServed for 11.5 years in the Royal Marines Light Infantry.
Enlistment date3 October 1914
Date of enlistment from Nominal Roll3 October 1914
Place of enlistmentBlackboy Hill, Western Australia
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name16th Battalion, C Company
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/33/1
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Melbourne, Victoria, on board HMAT A40 Ceramic on 22 December 1914
Rank from Nominal RollPrivate
Unit from Nominal Roll16th Battalion
FateKilled in Action 30 April 1915
Age at death38
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsThe Lone Pine Memorial (Panel 52), Gallipoli, Turkey

The Lone Pine Memorial, situated in the Lone Pine Cemetery at Anzac, is the main Australian Memorial on Gallipoli, and one of four memorials to men of the New Zealand Expeditionary Force. Designed by Sir John Burnet, the principal architect of the Gallipoli cemeteries, it is a thick tapering pylon 14.3 metres high on a square base 12.98 metres wide. It is constructed from limestone mined at Ilgardere in Turkey.

The Memorial commemorates the 3268 Australians and 456 New Zealanders who have no known grave and the 960 Australians and 252 New Zealanders who were buried at sea after evacuation through wounds or disease. The names of New Zealanders commemorated are inscribed on stone panels mounted on the south and north sides of the pylon, while those of the Australians are listed on a long wall of panels in front of the pylon and to either side. Names are arranged by unit and rank.

The Memorial stands over the centre of the Turkish trenches and tunnels which were the scene of heavy fighting during the August offensive. Most cemeteries on Gallipoli contain relatively few marked graves, and the majority of Australians killed on Gallipoli are commemorated here.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
78
Other details

War service: Egypt, Gallipoli

Embarked Alexandria to join the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force (Gallipoli Campaign), 12 April 1915.

Killed in action, 30 April 1915.

Medals: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal
Miscellaneous detailsSecond given name incorrectly recorded on Embarkation Roll as Ewtan.
SourcesNAA: B2455, AMOS Clarence Cawtan

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