|Place of birth||Queenscliff, Victoria|
|School||State School, Victoria|
|Religion||Church of England|
|Age at embarkation||21|
|Next of kin||Mother, Mrs Ann Caithness, Mercer Street, Queenscliff, Victoria|
|Previous military service||69th Infantry; Served in the Citizen Military Forces.|
|Date of enlistment from Nominal Roll|
|Place of enlistment||Geelong, Victoria|
|Rank on enlistment||Private|
|Unit name||46th Battalion, 5th Reinforcement|
|AWM Embarkation Roll number||23/63/4|
|Embarkation details||Unit embarked from Melbourne, Victoria, on board HMAT A15 Port Sydney on
|Rank from Nominal Roll||Private|
|Unit from Nominal Roll||46th Battalion|
|Fate||Killed in Action
|Place of death or wounding||Bullecourt, France|
|Age at death||25|
|Place of burial||No known grave|
|Commemoration details||Australian National Memorial, Villers-Bretonneux, France
Villers-Bretonneux is a village about 15 km east of Amiens. The Memorial stands on the high ground ('Hill 104') behind the Villers-Bretonneux Military Cemetery, Fouilloy, which is about 2 km north of Villers-Bretonneux on the east side of the road to Fouilloy.
The Australian National Memorial, Villers-Bretonneux is approached through the Military Cemetery, at the end of which is an open grass lawn which leads into a three-sided court. The two pavilions on the left and right are linked by the north and south walls to the back (east) wall, from which rises the focal point of the Memorial, a 105 foot tall tower, of fine ashlar. A staircase leads to an observation platform, 64 feet above the ground, from which further staircases lead to an observation room. This room contains a circular stone tablet with bronze pointers indicating the Somme villages whose names have become synonymous with battles of the Great War; other battle fields in France and Belgium in which Australians fought; and far beyond, Gallipoli and Canberra.
On the three walls, which are faced with Portland stone, are the names of 10,885 Australians who were killed in France and who have no known grave. The 'blocking course' above them bears the names of the Australian Battle Honours.
After the war an appeal in Australia raised £22,700, of which £12,500 came from Victorian school children, with the request that the majority of the funds be used to build a new school in Villers-Bretonneux. The boys' school opened in May 1927, and contains an inscription stating that the school was the gift of Victorian schoolchildren, twelve hundred of whose fathers are buried in the Villers-Bretonneux cemetery, with the names of many more recorded on the Memorial. Villers-Bretonneux is now twinned with Robinvale, Victoria, which has in its main square a memorial to the links between the two towns.
|Panel number, Roll of Honour,|
Australian War Memorial
|Miscellaneous information from|
|Son of Ann CAITHNESS, 'Hillside', Learmouth Street, Queenscliff, VIctoria, and the late Charles CAITHNESS|
War service: Western Front
Marched into 12th Training Bn, Codford, England, 16 November 1916.
Proceeded overseas to France, 21 December 1916; marched into 4th Australian Divisional Base Depot, Etaples, 22 December 1916.
Proceeded to unit, 25 January 1917; taken on strength of 46th Bn, in the field, 27 January 1917.
Posted as missing in action, 11 April 1917.
Court of Enquiry, held in the field, 26 November 1917, pronounces fate as 'Killed in Action, 11 April 1917'.
Note on Red Cross File: 'No trace Germany. Cert. by Capt. Mills. 10.10.19.'
Statement, 4 July 1917: 'Private A.H.Joy, No. 3807, 29th Battalion, has written to this soldier's brother as follows: "I hardly like to mention it but of course long before this you would have heard that poor Charlie has made the supreme sacrifice for his country. Yes it was right on the front. I was talking to a mate of his I know in the same Battalion as Charlie. It was in a "Hop over" rushing Fritzs [sic] lines on Easter Wednesday that it happened. The enemy was alive with Machine Guns at the start and evidently Charlies was among the unfortunate.'Medals: British War Medal, Victory Medal
|Miscellaneous details||Third given name incorrectly recorded on Embarkation Roll as Yale.|
|Sources||NAA: B2455, CAITHNESS Charles Percival Yule
Red Cross File No 0670503L