The AIF Project

George CALDER

Regimental number1868
Place of birthGladstone, Victoria
Place of birthGolsborough, Victoria
ReligionPresbyterian
OccupationMiner
Address33B Hamilton Street, Boulder, Western Australia
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation22
Height5' 9.5"
Weight150 lbs
Next of kinBrother, Mr J Alex. Calder, 1 Pirie Street, Boulder, Western Australia
Previous military serviceNil
Enlistment date24 January 1916
Place of enlistmentBlackboy Hill, Western Australia
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name51st Battalion, 3rd Reinforcement
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/68/3
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Fremantle, Western Australia, on board HMAT A48 Seang Bee on 18 July 1916
Rank from Nominal RollSergeant
Unit from Nominal Roll51st Battalion
Other details from Roll of Honour CircularEnlisted 24 January 1916 - 51st Bn 3rd Reinforcements; taken on strength, 51st Bn, 14 December 1916; promoted Sgt, 1 August 1917.
FateKilled in Action 30 September 1917
Place of death or woundingPolygon Wood, Ypres, Belgium
Age at death24-25
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsThe Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial (Panel 29), Belgium

The Menin Gate Memorial (so named because the road led to the town of Menin) was constructed on the site of a gateway in the eastern walls of the old Flemish town of Ypres, Belgium, where hundreds of thousands of allied troops passed on their way to the front, the Ypres salient, the site from April 1915 to the end of the war of some of the fiercest fighting of the war.

The Memorial was conceived as a monument to the 350,000 men of the British Empire who fought in the campaign. Inside the arch, on tablets of Portland stone, are inscribed the names of 56,000 men, including 6,178 Australians, who served in the Ypres campaign and who have no known grave.

The opening of the Menin Gate Memorial on 24 July 1927 so moved the Australian artist Will Longstaff that he painted 'The Menin Gate at Midnight', which portrays a ghostly army of the dead marching past the Menin Gate. The painting now hangs in the Australian War Memorial, Canberra, at the entrance of which are two medieval stone lions presented to the Memorial by the City of Ypres in 1936.

Since the 1930s, with the brief interval of the German occupation in the Second World War, the City of Ypres has conducted a ceremony at the Memorial at dusk each evening to commemorate those who died in the Ypres campaign.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
152
Other details

War service: Western Front

Embarked Fremantle, 20 July 1916; disembarked Plymouth, England, 9 September 1916.

Proceeded overseas to France, 28 November 1916; marched in to 4th Australian Division Base Depot, Etaples, 30 November 1916.

Admitted to 13th Australian Field Ambulance, 8 March 1917 (scabies); transferred same day to Corps Scabies Hospital; discharged to duty and rejoined unit, in the field, 19 March 1917.

Appointed Lance Corporal, 1 March 1917; promoted Corporal, 1 June 1917; Temporary Sergeant, 14 July 1917; Sergeant, 1 August 1917.

Killed in action, Belgium, 30 September 1917.

Medals: British War Medal, Victory Medal

Remains discovered in September 2006 by Belgian workers near Zonnebeke in the course of building a gas pipeline; Calder identified by DNA tests; re-interred in Buttes Cemetery, 4 October 2007.
SourcesNAA: B2455, CALDER George

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