The AIF Project

William Henry CAMERON

Regimental number1627
Place of birthRavenswood Junction, Queensland
SchoolRavenswood State School, Queensland
ReligionRoman Catholic
OccupationApprentice fitter
AddressMacrossan Street, West End, Townsville, Queensland
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation18
Next of kinFather, J. Cameron, Townsville, Queensland
Previous military serviceNil
Enlistment date9 January 1915
Place of enlistmentTownsville, Queensland
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name25th Battalion, 1st Reinforcement
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/42/2
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Brisbane, Queensland, on board HMAT A60 Aeneas on 29 June 1915
Rank from Nominal RollPrivate
Unit from Nominal Roll25th Battalion
FateKilled in Action 14 November 1916
Place of death or woundingFlers, France
Age at death20
Age at death from cemetery records20
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsAustralian National Memorial, Villers-Bretonneux, France

Villers-Bretonneux is a village about 15 km east of Amiens. The Memorial stands on the high ground ('Hill 104') behind the Villers-Bretonneux Military Cemetery, Fouilloy, which is about 2 km north of Villers-Bretonneux on the east side of the road to Fouilloy.

The Australian National Memorial, Villers-Bretonneux is approached through the Military Cemetery, at the end of which is an open grass lawn which leads into a three-sided court. The two pavilions on the left and right are linked by the north and south walls to the back (east) wall, from which rises the focal point of the Memorial, a 105 foot tall tower, of fine ashlar. A staircase leads to an observation platform, 64 feet above the ground, from which further staircases lead to an observation room. This room contains a circular stone tablet with bronze pointers indicating the Somme villages whose names have become synonymous with battles of the Great War; other battle fields in France and Belgium in which Australians fought; and far beyond, Gallipoli and Canberra.

On the three walls, which are faced with Portland stone, are the names of 10,885 Australians who were killed in France and who have no known grave. The 'blocking course' above them bears the names of the Australian Battle Honours.

After the war an appeal in Australia raised £22,700, of which £12,500 came from Victorian school children, with the request that the majority of the funds be used to build a new school in Villers-Bretonneux. The boys' school opened in May 1927, and contains an inscription stating that the school was the gift of Victorian schoolchildren, twelve hundred of whose fathers are buried in the Villers-Bretonneux cemetery, with the names of many more recorded on the Memorial. Villers-Bretonneux is now twinned with Robinvale, Victoria, which has in its main square a memorial to the links between the two towns.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
Miscellaneous information from
  cemetery records
Parents: John and Honorah CAMERON, "Avalon", Albion Road, Albion, Queensland. Born at Townsville
Other details

War service: Egypt, Gallipoli, Western Front

Embarked Alexandria to join the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force (Gallipoli Campaign), 4 September 1915.

Admitted to No 7 Field Ambulance, Gallipoli, 2 November 1915; transferred to No 16 Casualty Clearing Station, Gallipoli; to Mudros, 2 November 1915 (venereal disease); disembarked Alexandria, Egypt, 7 November 1915, and admitted to Detention Barracks, Abbassia, the same day; to Overseas Base, Cairo, 6 December 1915; discharged, 26 December 1915.

Rejoined 25th Bn, Tel el Kebir, 10 January 1916.

Found guilty, 23 January 1916, of disobeying an order from his superior officer: awarded 14 days' detention.

Admitted to No 5 Field Ambulance, Ismailia, 26 February 1916 (cerebose spinal meningitis); discharged to duty, 7 March 1916.

Admitted to No 5 Field Ambulance, 12 March 1916; embarked Alexandria to join the British Expeditionary Force, 14 March 1916; disembarked Marseilles, France, 19 March 1916; transferred to Lahore Hospital, Marseilles, 23 March 1916; discharged, 8 April 1916; marched into Divisional Base, Etaples, 12 April 1916.

Rejoined unit, Armentiers, 23 April 1916.

Killed in action, 14 November 1916.

Medals: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal
SourcesNAA: B2455, CAMERON William Henry

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