The AIF Project

Andrew Robert ANDERSON

Regimental number223
Place of birthMidyell, Shetland, Scotland
Address10 Upper Port Street, Andrew Anderson, Sydney, New South Wales
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation31
Height5' 7"
Weight154 lbs
Next of kinFather, Midyell, Shetland, Scotland
Previous military serviceServed for 8 years in the Royal Naval Reserve; discharged as inefficient regarding time served.
Enlistment date31 August 1914
Date of enlistment from Nominal Roll31 August 1914
Place of enlistmentSydney, New South Wales
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name1st Battalion, B Company
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/18/1
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Sydney, New South Wales, on board Transport A19 Afric on 18 October 1914
Rank from Nominal RollPrivate
Unit from Nominal Roll1st Battalion
FateKilled in Action 21 July 1916
Place of death or woundingPozieres, France
Date of death21 July 1916
Age at death33
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsAustralian National Memorial, Villers-Bretonneux, France

Villers-Bretonneux is a village about 15 km east of Amiens. The Memorial stands on the high ground ('Hill 104') behind the Villers-Bretonneux Military Cemetery, Fouilloy, which is about 2 km north of Villers-Bretonneux on the east side of the road to Fouilloy.

The Australian National Memorial, Villers-Bretonneux is approached through the Military Cemetery, at the end of which is an open grass lawn which leads into a three-sided court. The two pavilions on the left and right are linked by the north and south walls to the back (east) wall, from which rises the focal point of the Memorial, a 105 foot tall tower, of fine ashlar. A staircase leads to an observation platform, 64 feet above the ground, from which further staircases lead to an observation room. This room contains a circular stone tablet with bronze pointers indicating the Somme villages whose names have become synonymous with battles of the Great War; other battle fields in France and Belgium in which Australians fought; and far beyond, Gallipoli and Canberra.

On the three walls, which are faced with Portland stone, are the names of 10,885 Australians who were killed in France and who have no known grave. The 'blocking course' above them bears the names of the Australian Battle Honours.

After the war an appeal in Australia raised £22,700, of which £12,500 came from Victorian school children, with the request that the majority of the funds be used to build a new school in Villers-Bretonneux. The boys' school opened in May 1927, and contains an inscription stating that the school was the gift of Victorian schoolchildren, twelve hundred of whose fathers are buried in the Villers-Bretonneux cemetery, with the names of many more recorded on the Memorial. Villers-Bretonneux is now twinned with Robinvale, Victoria, which has in its main square a memorial to the links between the two towns.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
Other details

War service: Egypt, Gallipoli

Proceeded to join the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force, Gallipoli, 5 April 1915.

Wounded in action, 25-30 1915 (gun shot wound, left forearm and breast); admitted to 15th General Hospital, Alexandria, 30 April 1915; embarked for England on board 'Letitia', 7 May 1915; admitted to Southern General Hospital, Edgbaston, Birmingham, 20 May 1915.

Returned in 7th Draft from A&NZ Base, Weymouth, to rejoin Mediterranean Expeditionary Force, 4 October 1915; rejoined Bn, Mudros, 19 October 1915.

Appointed Lance Corporal, 14 December 1915.

Admitted to hospital, Mudros, 25 December 1915 (influenza); disembarked Alexandria, 28 December 1915, and admitted to 15th General Hospital (bronchitis); transferred to No 1 Australian General Hospital, Heliopolis, 9 January 1916; to Convalescent Camp, 17 January 1916; discharged to duty, 8 February 1916; rejoined unit, Tel el Kebir, 9 February 1916.

Embarked Alexandria to join the British Expeditionary Force, 22 March 1916; disembarked Marseilles, France, 28 March 1916.

Promoted Corporal, 12 July 1916.

Killed in action, 21 July 1916.

Medals: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal
SourcesNAA: B2455, ANDERSON Andrew Robert

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