The AIF Project

William CARSON

Regimental number1683
Place of birthDublin, Ireland
ReligionChurch of England
OccupationMiner
AddressWittenoom Street, Collie, Western Australia
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation27
Next of kinMother, Mrs Eliza Carson, Wittenoom Street, Collie, Western Australia
Previous military serviceNil
Enlistment date16 June 1915
Place of enlistmentBlackboy Hill, Western Australia
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name28th Battalion, 2nd Reinforcement
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/45/2
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Fremantle, Western Australia, on board HMAT A64 Demosthenes on 23 July 1915
Rank from Nominal RollPrivate
Unit from Nominal Roll28th Battalion
FateDied of wounds 20 September 1917
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsThe Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial (Panel 23), Belgium

The Menin Gate Memorial (so named because the road led to the town of Menin) was constructed on the site of a gateway in the eastern walls of the old Flemish town of Ypres, Belgium, where hundreds of thousands of allied troops passed on their way to the front, the Ypres salient, the site from April 1915 to the end of the war of some of the fiercest fighting of the war.

The Memorial was conceived as a monument to the 350,000 men of the British Empire who fought in the campaign. Inside the arch, on tablets of Portland stone, are inscribed the names of 56,000 men, including 6,178 Australians, who served in the Ypres campaign and who have no known grave.

The opening of the Menin Gate Memorial on 24 July 1927 so moved the Australian artist Will Longstaff that he painted 'The Menin Gate at Midnight', which portrays a ghostly army of the dead marching past the Menin Gate. The painting now hangs in the Australian War Memorial, Canberra, at the entrance of which are two medieval stone lions presented to the Memorial by the City of Ypres in 1936.

Since the 1930s, with the brief interval of the German occupation in the Second World War, the City of Ypres has conducted a ceremony at the Memorial at dusk each evening to commemorate those who died in the Ypres campaign.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
112
Family/military connectionsSister: Staff Nurse Mary Catherine CARSON, Australian Army Nursing Service, returned to Australia, 23 November 1917.
Other details

War service: Egypt, Gallipoli, Western Front

Joined 28th Bn at Gallipoli, 12 October 1915. Admitted to 7th Field Ambulance, 26 October 1915 (pleurisy); transferred to Malta and admitted to Cottonera Hospital, 2 November 1915. Transferred to All Saints' Hospital, 16 November 1915; discharged as fit for active service, 15 December 1915. Admitted to Overseas Base, Ghezireh, Egypt, 18 December 1915; transferred to unit, 10 February 1916,

Proceeded from Alexandria to join the British Expeditionary Force, 29 May 1916; disembarked Marseilles, 5 June 1916; rejoined 28th Bn, 8 August 1916.

Admitted to No. 1 Field Ambulance, 2 September 1916 (malaria); transferred to No. 2 Australian General Hospital, Wimereux, 5 September 1916; to England, 5 September 1916, and admitted to 1st Eastern General Hospital, Cambridge; discharged to No. 4 Command Depot, Wareham, 7 November 1916. Proceeded overseas to France, 18 March 1917; rejoined Bn, 9 April 1917.

Admitted to 5th Australian Field Ambulance, 20 July 1917 (pyrexia, unknown origin); transferred to 10th General Hospital, Rouen, 12 August 1917; transferred to 2nd Australian Division Base Depot, Havre, 17 August 1917; rejoined Bn, 27 August 1917.

Died of wounds received in action, 20 September 1917.

Medals: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal
SourcesNAA: B2455, CARSON William

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