Cyril Keith CARTER

Regimental number380
Place of birthArmidale, New South Wales
ReligionRoman Catholic
Addressc/o Mrs Dunkin, Eastwood, Armidale, New South Wales
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation19
Height5' 7.5"
Weight133 lbs
Next of kinMother, Mrs Dunkin, near Racecourse, Eastwood, Armidale, New South Wales
Previous military serviceServed for 2 years in the Militia.
Enlistment date28 August 1914
Place of enlistmentRandwick, New South Wales
Rank on enlistmentBugler
Unit name2nd Battalion, D Company
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/19/1
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Sydney, New South Wales, on board Transport A23 Suffolk on 18 October 1914
Rank from Nominal RollPrivate
Unit from Nominal Roll2nd Battalion
FateKilled in Action 2 May 1915
Date of death2 May 1915
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsThe Lone Pine Memorial (Panel 17), Gallipoli, Turkey

The Lone Pine Memorial, situated in the Lone Pine Cemetery at Anzac, is the main Australian Memorial on Gallipoli, and one of four memorials to men of the New Zealand Expeditionary Force. Designed by Sir John Burnet, the principal architect of the Gallipoli cemeteries, it is a thick tapering pylon 14.3 metres high on a square base 12.98 metres wide. It is constructed from limestone mined at Ilgardere in Turkey.

The Memorial commemorates the 3268 Australians and 456 New Zealanders who have no known grave and the 960 Australians and 252 New Zealanders who were buried at sea after evacuation through wounds or disease. The names of New Zealanders commemorated are inscribed on stone panels mounted on the south and north sides of the pylon, while those of the Australians are listed on a long wall of panels in front of the pylon and to either side. Names are arranged by unit and rank.

The Memorial stands over the centre of the Turkish trenches and tunnels which were the scene of heavy fighting during the August offensive. Most cemeteries on Gallipoli contain relatively few marked graves, and the majority of Australians killed on Gallipoli are commemorated here.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
Other details

War service: Egypt, Gallipoli

Statement, Red Cross File No 0700602F, 391 Corporal J. COLAN, 2nd Bn, 27 January 1916: 'Witness says he knew Cyril Carter, who was first attached to B Co from another coy as a bugler, and was afterwards taken on as a private. Witness did not actually see him killed, but says it was unanimously agreed that he fell early in the days on 25.4.15, somewhere to the head and to the left of Shrapnel Gully.'

Second statement, 387 Sergeant J. CURRAN, B Company, 2nd Bn, 8 February 1916: 'Witness last saw Carter on the peninsula on the 26th April. He was on water fatigue, and was getting water. Witness heard subsequently that he was a prisoner at Constantinople. He was told this by Pte J.W. Goliger, No 400, B Coy, 2 A.I.F., who was recently working as cook at Tel el Kebir.' Note by interviewer: 'This witness in my opinion is very reliable. He appeared to me to believe all he said and had a particularly good memory for numbers and other details.'

Third statement, 467 Pte A. SIMPSON, B Company, 2nd Bn, 8 March 1916: 'Witness knew a man named Carter in B Co, 2nd Btn. He was quite young, witness thinks about 21. He was a bugler once but not in the Btn. He came from Sydney. He was killed on the Tuesday after the landing, that is on 27/4/15, at Brown's Hill. Witness saw him dead on the ground.'

Medals: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal
SourcesNAA: B2455, CARTER Cyril Keith
Red Cross File No 0700602F