The AIF Project

Thomas Richard Ireland CLUGSTON

Regimental number3370
Place of birthMilton, New South Wales
Place of birthUlladulla, New South Wales
SchoolNimbin Public School, New South Wales
Address'Avondale', Nimbin, Richmond River, New South Wales
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation32
Height5' 7.5"
Weight140 lbs
Next of kinFather, Thomas Clugston, 'Avondale', Nimbin, Richmond River, New South Wales
Previous military serviceNil
Enlistment date30 September 1916
Place of enlistmentLismore, New South Wales
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name52nd Battalion 9th Reinforcement
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/69/3
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Sydney, New South Wales, on board HMAT A33 Ayrshire on 24 January 1917
Rank from Nominal RollPrivate
Unit from Nominal Roll52nd Battalion
FateKilled in Action 19 October 1917
Place of death or woundingZonnebeke, Belgium
Age at death21.11
Age at death from cemetery records21
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsThe Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial (Panel 29), Belgium

The Menin Gate Memorial (so named because the road led to the town of Menin) was constructed on the site of a gateway in the eastern walls of the old Flemish town of Ypres, Belgium, where hundreds of thousands of allied troops passed on their way to the front, the Ypres salient, the site from April 1915 to the end of the war of some of the fiercest fighting of the war.

The Memorial was conceived as a monument to the 350,000 men of the British Empire who fought in the campaign. Inside the arch, on tablets of Portland stone, are inscribed the names of 56,000 men, including 6,178 Australians, who served in the Ypres campaign and who have no known grave.

The opening of the Menin Gate Memorial on 24 July 1927 so moved the Australian artist Will Longstaff that he painted 'The Menin Gate at Midnight', which portrays a ghostly army of the dead marching past the Menin Gate. The painting now hangs in the Australian War Memorial, Canberra, at the entrance of which are two medieval stone lions presented to the Memorial by the City of Ypres in 1936.

Since the 1930s, with the brief interval of the German occupation in the Second World War, the City of Ypres has conducted a ceremony at the Memorial at dusk each evening to commemorate those who died in the Ypres campaign.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
Miscellaneous information from
  cemetery records
Parents: Thomas and Emily Ann CLUGSTON, Brunswick Heads, New South Wales. Native of Milton
Other details

War service: embarked Sydney, 24 January 1917; disembarked Devonport, England, 12 April 1917.

Marched in from Australia to Codford, 13 April 1917. Reported sick (mumps) to Group Hospital, 2 June 1917. Marched in from Group Hospital, 21 June 1917. Proceeded overseas to France, ex. 13th Training Bn, via Folkestone, 6 August 1917. Marched in to Havre, France, 8 August 1917. Proceeded to joint unit and taken on strength in the field, 24 August 1917.

Killed in action, Belgium, 19 October 1917.

Medals: British War Medal, Victory Medal
SourcesNAA: B2455, CLUGSTON Thomas Richard Ireland

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