|Place of birth||York, Western Australia|
|School||Mundigong State School, Western Australia|
|Address||Blackboy Hill, Western Australia|
|Age at embarkation||22|
|Next of kin||Father, Jesse Coles, Mundijong, Western Australia|
|Previous military service||Nil|
|Date of enlistment from Nominal Roll|
|Place of enlistment||Blackboy Hill, Western Australia|
|Rank on enlistment||Private|
|Unit name||44th Battalion, 2nd Reinforcement|
|AWM Embarkation Roll number||23/61/2|
|Embarkation details||Unit embarked from Fremantle, Western Australia, on board HMAT A28 Miltiades on
|Regimental number from Nominal Roll||1805A|
|Rank from Nominal Roll||Private|
|Unit from Nominal Roll||33rd Battalion|
|Fate||Killed in Action
|Place of death or wounding||Messines, Belgium|
|Age at death||22|
|Age at death from cemetery records||22|
|Place of burial||No known grave|
|Commemoration details||The Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial (Panel 23), Belgium
The Menin Gate Memorial (so named because the road led to the town of Menin) was constructed on the site of a gateway in the eastern walls of the old Flemish town of Ypres, Belgium, where hundreds of thousands of allied troops passed on their way to the front, the Ypres salient, the site from April 1915 to the end of the war of some of the fiercest fighting of the war.
The Memorial was conceived as a monument to the 350,000 men of the British Empire who fought in the campaign. Inside the arch, on tablets of Portland stone, are inscribed the names of 56,000 men, including 6,178 Australians, who served in the Ypres campaign and who have no known grave.
The opening of the Menin Gate Memorial on 24 July 1927 so moved the Australian artist Will Longstaff that he painted 'The Menin Gate at Midnight', which portrays a ghostly army of the dead marching past the Menin Gate. The painting now hangs in the Australian War Memorial, Canberra, at the entrance of which are two medieval stone lions presented to the Memorial by the City of Ypres in 1936.
Since the 1930s, with the brief interval of the German occupation in the Second World War, the City of Ypres has conducted a ceremony at the Memorial at dusk each evening to commemorate those who died in the Ypres campaign.
|Panel number, Roll of Honour,|
Australian War Memorial
|Miscellaneous information from|
|Parents: Jessie and Ann COLES, 71 Amherst Road, West Midland, Western Australia. Native of York, Western Australia|
War service: Western Front
Embarked Fremantle, 7 August 1916; disembarked Plymouth, England, 25 September 1916; taken on strength, 11th Training Bn, 1 October 1916.
Proceeded to join 44th Bn, 12 November 1916.
Taken on strength, 33rd Bn, 14 November 1916.
Proceeded overseas to France, 21 November 1916.
Killed in action, 7 June 1917.
Handwritten notation on Form B103: 'Buried'.
Second handwritten notation on handwritten Form B103: 'Extract from Burial Report from XXII Corps Burial Officer dated 15-2-18:-Buried at sh 28 S.W. U.3. d.2.4. (AT. 19796)'.Medals: British War Medal, Victory Medal
|Sources||NAA: B2455, COLES Ernest John|