The AIF Project

Herbert Melbourne CRIDDLE

Regimental number5650
Place of birthIrwin Western Australia
SchoolState school, Western Australia
ReligionChurch of England
AddressNuraling, Upper Chapman, Western Australia
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation29
Next of kinMother, Mrs Emma Criddle, Nuraling, Upper Chapman, Western Australia
Previous military serviceNil
Enlistment date12 October 1915
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name16th Battalion, 18th Reinforcement
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/33/4
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Fremantle, Western Australia, on board HMAT A48 Seang Bee on 18 July 1916
Rank from Nominal RollPrivate
Unit from Nominal Roll16th Battalion
FateKilled in Action 20 October 1917
Place of death or woundingPolygon Wood, Belgium
Age at death31
Age at death from cemetery records30
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsThe Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial (Panel 17), Belgium

The Menin Gate Memorial (so named because the road led to the town of Menin) was constructed on the site of a gateway in the eastern walls of the old Flemish town of Ypres, Belgium, where hundreds of thousands of allied troops passed on their way to the front, the Ypres salient, the site from April 1915 to the end of the war of some of the fiercest fighting of the war.

The Memorial was conceived as a monument to the 350,000 men of the British Empire who fought in the campaign. Inside the arch, on tablets of Portland stone, are inscribed the names of 56,000 men, including 6,178 Australians, who served in the Ypres campaign and who have no known grave.

The opening of the Menin Gate Memorial on 24 July 1927 so moved the Australian artist Will Longstaff that he painted 'The Menin Gate at Midnight', which portrays a ghostly army of the dead marching past the Menin Gate. The painting now hangs in the Australian War Memorial, Canberra, at the entrance of which are two medieval stone lions presented to the Memorial by the City of Ypres in 1936.

Since the 1930s, with the brief interval of the German occupation in the Second World War, the City of Ypres has conducted a ceremony at the Memorial at dusk each evening to commemorate those who died in the Ypres campaign.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
Miscellaneous information from
  cemetery records
Parents: James and Emma CRIDDLE, Naraling, Western Australia
Family/military connectionsBrothers: [4733] Lt Arthur George CRIDDLE, 51st Bn, returned to Australia, 21 June 1919; 2363 Pte David CRIDDLE, 28th Bn, returned to Australia, 5 March 1919; 5703 Pte Harold CRIDDLE, 16th Bn, returned to Australia, 5 March 1919; 6742 Pte Horace John CRIDDLE, 16th Bn, returned to Australia, 11 December 1918; 6741 Pte Sydney James CRIDDLE, 16th Bn, returned to Australia, 5 November 1917.
Other details

War service: Western Front

Medals: British War Medal, Victory Medal

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