William Herbert ARMSTRONG

Regimental number2277
Place of birthParramatta, New South Wales
Address2 Woodburn Street, Redfern, New South Wales
Marital statusMarried
Age at embarkation33.5
Height5' 6.75"
Weight144 lbs
Next of kinWife, Mrs Henrietta Armstrong, 2 Woodburn Street, Redfern, New South Wales
Previous military serviceServed in in the Australian Army Medical Corps, South Africa ( Boer War).
Enlistment date24 May 1916
Place of enlistmentSydney, New South Wales
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name37th Battalion, 4th Reinforcement
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/54/2
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Melbourne, Victoria, on board HMAT A17 Port Lincoln on 20 October 1916
Rank from Nominal RollPrivate
Unit from Nominal Roll37th Battalion
Other details from Roll of Honour CircularHe was recommended for distinction on 4/10/17 for his untiring efforts in helping the wounded.
FateKilled in Action 12 October 1917
Place of death or woundingPasschendaele, Ypres, Belgium
Age at death40
Age at death from cemetery records40
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsThe Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial (Panel 25), Belgium

The Menin Gate Memorial (so named because the road led to the town of Menin) was constructed on the site of a gateway in the eastern walls of the old Flemish town of Ypres, Belgium, where hundreds of thousands of allied troops passed on their way to the front, the Ypres salient, the site from April 1915 to the end of the war of some of the fiercest fighting of the war.

The Memorial was conceived as a monument to the 350,000 men of the British Empire who fought in the campaign. Inside the arch, on tablets of Portland stone, are inscribed the names of 56,000 men, including 6,178 Australians, who served in the Ypres campaign and who have no known grave.

The opening of the Menin Gate Memorial on 24 July 1927 so moved the Australian artist Will Longstaff that he painted 'The Menin Gate at Midnight', which portrays a ghostly army of the dead marching past the Menin Gate. The painting now hangs in the Australian War Memorial, Canberra, at the entrance of which are two medieval stone lions presented to the Memorial by the City of Ypres in 1936.

Since the 1930s, with the brief interval of the German occupation in the Second World War, the City of Ypres has conducted a ceremony at the Memorial at dusk each evening to commemorate those who died in the Ypres campaign.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
Miscellaneous information from
  cemetery records
Parents: William and Mary ARMSTRONG; husband of Henrietta ARMSTRONG, 66 William Street, Redfern, New South Wales
Other details

War service: Western Front

Embarked Melbourne, 20 October 1916; transshipped to HT 'Borda', Sierra Leone, 2 December 1916; disembarked Plymouth, England, 9 January 1917; marched into 10th Training Bn, 10 January 1917.

Proceeded overseas to France, 20 March 1917; taken on strength, 37th Bn, in the field, 25 March 1917.

Detached for duty with 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Corps, 27 April 1917; rejoined Bn, 4 May 1917.

Killed in action, 12 October 1917.

Buried; grave subsequently lost.

Medals: British War Medal, Victory Medal
SourcesNAA: B2455, ARMSTRONG William Herbert