The AIF Project


Regimental number1501
Date of birth5 February 1893
Place of birthDundee, Scotland
Address85 Hill Town, Dundee, Scotland
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation22
Height5' 6.5"
Weight154 lbs
Next of kinMother, Mrs J Adams, Hill Town, Dundee, Scotland
Previous military serviceNil
Enlistment date12 April 1915
Date of enlistment from Nominal Roll12 April 1915
Place of enlistmentLiverpool, New South Wales
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name18th Battalion, 1st Reinforcement
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/35/2
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Sydney, New South Wales, on board HMAT A32 Themistocles on 12 May 1915
Rank from Nominal RollPrivate
Unit from Nominal Roll2nd Machine Gun Battalion
FateReturned to Australia 21 March 1919
Discharge date25 February 1920
Other details

War service: Egypt, Gallipoli, Western Front

Embarked Alexandria to join the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force, Gallipoli, 1 August 1915.

Disembarked Alexandria from Mudros, 9 January 1916 (general Gallipoli evacuation).

Found guilty, Alexandria, 14 January 1916, of (1) disobedience of Transport Orders; (2) being absent without leave from 1700 till being arrested, 2330, 8 January 1916: awarded 168 hours' detention, and forfeited 8 days' pay.

Embarked Alexandria to join the British Expeditionary Force; disembarked Marseilles, France, 25 March 1916.

Tried by Field General Court Martial, 21 April 1916, on charge of absenting himself without leave from 22 January to 12 March 1916; pleaded Guilty. Found Guilty: awarded 18 months' imprisonment with hard labour; sentence confirmed but commuted to 90 days' Field Punishment No 2.

Wounded in action, 27 July 1916 (gun shot wound, right leg and back: severe), admitted to St John Ambulance Hospital, Etaples, same day, and transferred to 3rd Casualty Clearing Station; to England, 3 August 1916, and admitted to Huddersford War Hospital. Taken on strength of No 2 Command Depot from Huddersford, 8 September 1916; marched out to No 3 Command Depot, 16 October 1916.

Found guilty, 4th Training Bn, Rollestone, 4 December 1916, of being absent without leave from 2400, 4 November, till 1800, 28 November 1916: awarded forfeiture of 23 days' pay; total forfeiture: 47 days' pay.

Proceeded overseas to France, 28 December 1916; marched in to 2nd Australian Division Base Depot, Etaples, 29 December 1916.

Found guilty, 19 January 1917, of causing a disturbance in the lines after lights out: awarded 14 days' confined to camp.

Transferred to 5th Machine Gun Company, 20 May 1917; taken on strength, 26 May 1917.

Detached to Cookery School, 25 July 1917; rejoined unit from detachment, 20 August 1917.

On leave to United Kingdom, 18 October 1917; date of rejoining unit not recorded.

Detached to School of Instruction, 9 February 1918; rejoined unit from detachment, 3 March 1918.

On leave to United Kingdom, 9 October 1918; rejoined unit from leave, 25 October 1918.

Marched out for return to Australia, 10 January 1919.

Commenced return to Australia from Devonport on board HT 'Kildonian Castle', 21 March 1919; disembarked Sydney, 9 May 1919.

Re-enlisted for Special Service, 8 August 1919.

Embarked Sydney as No 86123 on board 'Rio Negro', 19 August 1919 (escort duty); disembarked London, England, 27 October 1919, and granted leave until 11 November 1919.

Found guilty, 12 November 1919, of being absent without leave from 10 am, 11 November, to 10 am, 12 November 1919: awarded forfeiture of 1 day's pay; total forfeiture: 2 days' pay.

Commenced return to Australia on board HT 'Borda', 9 December 1919; reported absent without leave on expiration of shore leave, Cape Town, South Africa, 2 January 1920; failed to re-embark.

Arrested at 1830, 2 January 1920, and placed under close arrest in the Castle. Found guilty, 3 January 1920, of (1) conduct to the prejudice of good order and military discipline in that he failed to be on board his ship at sailing time; (2) being absent without leave: awarded 14 days' detention; committed to Wynberg Detention Barracks.

Re-embarked on board HT 'Runic', 12 January 1920; disembarked Melbourne, 6 February 1920, for onward travel by rail to Sydney; discharged, Sydney, 25 February 1920.

MSBV Medals: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal
SourcesNAA: B2455, ADAMS James

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