The AIF Project

Raymond Scott EVATT

Regimental number179
Place of birthEast Maitland
SchoolFort Street Boys High School, Sydney, New South Wales
Other trainingTechnical College in Chemistry
ReligionChurch of England
AddressGrantham Street, Milson's Point, North Sydney, New South Wales
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation19
Next of kinMother, Mrs J Evatt, Grantham Street, Milson's Point, North Sydney, New South Wales
Previous military serviceServed as Sergeant in the Cadets, North Sydney area.
Enlistment date15 March 1915
Date of enlistment from Nominal Roll15 March 1915
Rank on enlistmentSergeant
Unit name20th Battalion, A Company
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/37/1
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Sydney, New South Wales, on board HMAT A35 Berrima on 25 June 1915
Rank from Nominal RollLieutenant
Unit from Nominal Roll20th Battalion

2nd Lieutenant

Unit: 20th Battalion
Promotion date: 16 August 1916

Recommendations (Medals and Awards)

Military Cross

'For conspicuous gallantry in action North of Warlencourt in command of the first wave in the attack on Le Barque Trench.'
Recommendation date: 7 and 14 March 1917

Other details from Roll of Honour CircularPassed the Junior University public exam (Sydney, 1911 with four firsts); (b) passed Technical College (evening) classes in Chemistry with honours; (c) Chemist in C.S.R. Co. till 1912-13. (details from brother, Herbert Vere EVATT)
FateKilled in Action 20 September 1917
Place of death or woundingWesthoek Ridge near Ypres, Belgium
Age at death21
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsThe Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial, Belgium

The Menin Gate Memorial (so named because the road led to the town of Menin) was constructed on the site of a gateway in the eastern walls of the old Flemish town of Ypres, Belgium, where hundreds of thousands of allied troops passed on their way to the front, the Ypres salient, the site from April 1915 to the end of the war of some of the fiercest fighting of the war.

The Memorial was conceived as a monument to the 350,000 men of the British Empire who fought in the campaign. Inside the arch, on tablets of Portland stone, are inscribed the names of 56,000 men, including 6,178 Australians, who served in the Ypres campaign and who have no known grave.

The opening of the Menin Gate Memorial on 24 July 1927 so moved the Australian artist Will Longstaff that he painted 'The Menin Gate at Midnight', which portrays a ghostly army of the dead marching past the Menin Gate. The painting now hangs in the Australian War Memorial, Canberra, at the entrance of which are two medieval stone lions presented to the Memorial by the City of Ypres in 1936.

Since the 1930s, with the brief interval of the German occupation in the Second World War, the City of Ypres has conducted a ceremony at the Memorial at dusk each evening to commemorate those who died in the Ypres campaign.

Miscellaneous information from
  cemetery records
Parents: Jane Sophia and the late John Ashmore Hamilton EVATT

Military Cross

'For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty. He led his men forward under very heavy fire in a most gallant manner, and succeeded in capturing his objective. He has previously done fine work.'
Source: 'Commonwealth Gazette' No. 133
Date: 21 August 1917

Family/military connectionsBrother: 31079 Gunner Francis Septimus EVATT, 1st Field Artillery Brigade, died of wounds, 29 September 1918.
Other details

War service: Egypt, Gallipoli, Western Front

Medals: Military Cross, 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal

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