The AIF Project

Lionel Claude FAIRHEAD

Regimental number625
Place of birthBeverley, Western Australia
ReligionChurch of England
OccupationFarmer
AddressRockdall, East Pingelly, Western Australia
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation21
Next of kinFather, Henry E Fairhead, Rockdall, East Pingelly, Western Australia
Previous military serviceServed in the Light Horse, Pingelly, Western Australia.
Enlistment date10 March 1915
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name28th Battalion, D Company
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/45/1
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Fremantle, Western Australia, on board HMAT A11 Ascanius on 29 June 1915
Rank from Nominal RollPrivate
Unit from Nominal Roll2nd Machine Gun Battalion
FateKilled in Action 3 October 1917
Age at death from cemetery records23
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsThe Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial (Panel 31), Belgium

The Menin Gate Memorial (so named because the road led to the town of Menin) was constructed on the site of a gateway in the eastern walls of the old Flemish town of Ypres, Belgium, where hundreds of thousands of allied troops passed on their way to the front, the Ypres salient, the site from April 1915 to the end of the war of some of the fiercest fighting of the war.

The Memorial was conceived as a monument to the 350,000 men of the British Empire who fought in the campaign. Inside the arch, on tablets of Portland stone, are inscribed the names of 56,000 men, including 6,178 Australians, who served in the Ypres campaign and who have no known grave.

The opening of the Menin Gate Memorial on 24 July 1927 so moved the Australian artist Will Longstaff that he painted 'The Menin Gate at Midnight', which portrays a ghostly army of the dead marching past the Menin Gate. The painting now hangs in the Australian War Memorial, Canberra, at the entrance of which are two medieval stone lions presented to the Memorial by the City of Ypres in 1936.

Since the 1930s, with the brief interval of the German occupation in the Second World War, the City of Ypres has conducted a ceremony at the Memorial at dusk each evening to commemorate those who died in the Ypres campaign.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
117
Miscellaneous information from
  cemetery records
Parents: Ephraim Henry and Mary Ann FAIRHEAD. Native of Pingelly, Western Australia
Family/military connectionsBrother: 2883 Pte Allen Leopold FAIRHEAD, 48th Bn, returned to Australia, 14 January 1917.
Other details

War service: Egypt, Gallipoli, Western Front

Embarked from Alexandria to join the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force, Gallipoli, 4 September 1915.

Disembarked Alexandria from Mudros, 10 January 1916 (general Gallipoli evacuation).

Proceeded from Alexandria to join the British Expeditionary Force, 16 March 1916; disembarked Marseilles, 21 March 1916.

Transferred to 7th Machine Gun Company, 13 November 1916.

Killed in action, Belgium, 3 October 1917.

Medals: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal

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