The AIF Project

Roy Maxwell IRELAND

Regimental number1743
Place of birthCastlemaine, Victoria
SchoolCastlemaine State School, Victoria
Other trainingServed in the Senior Cadets.
AddressFletcher Street, Castlemaine, Victoria
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation18
Height5' 4"
Weight120 lbs
Next of kinFather, William P Ireland, Fletcher Street, Castlemaine, Victoria
Previous military serviceServed for 4 years in the Senior Cadets; 9 months in the Citizen Military Forces.
Enlistment date20 March 1916
Place of enlistmentBendigo, Victoria
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name38th Battalion, 1st Reinforcement
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/55/2
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Melbourne, Victoria, on board HMAT A54 Runic on 20 June 1916
Rank from Nominal RollPrivate
Unit from Nominal Roll7th Battalion
FateKilled in Action 21 September 1917
Place of death or woundingMenin Road, Ypres Belgium
Age at death20
Age at death from cemetery records20
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsThe Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial (Panel 7), Belgium

The Menin Gate Memorial (so named because the road led to the town of Menin) was constructed on the site of a gateway in the eastern walls of the old Flemish town of Ypres, Belgium, where hundreds of thousands of allied troops passed on their way to the front, the Ypres salient, the site from April 1915 to the end of the war of some of the fiercest fighting of the war.

The Memorial was conceived as a monument to the 350,000 men of the British Empire who fought in the campaign. Inside the arch, on tablets of Portland stone, are inscribed the names of 56,000 men, including 6,178 Australians, who served in the Ypres campaign and who have no known grave.

The opening of the Menin Gate Memorial on 24 July 1927 so moved the Australian artist Will Longstaff that he painted 'The Menin Gate at Midnight', which portrays a ghostly army of the dead marching past the Menin Gate. The painting now hangs in the Australian War Memorial, Canberra, at the entrance of which are two medieval stone lions presented to the Memorial by the City of Ypres in 1936.

Since the 1930s, with the brief interval of the German occupation in the Second World War, the City of Ypres has conducted a ceremony at the Memorial at dusk each evening to commemorate those who died in the Ypres campaign.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
Miscellaneous information from
  cemetery records
Parents: William and Ellen IRELAND, Fletcher Street, Castlemaine, Victoria
Family/military connectionsBrother: 1742 Pte George William IRELAND, 7th Bn, returned to Australia, 12 December 1918; Uncle: 3298 Pte Victor Albert IRELAND, 3rd Pioneer Bn, returned to Australia, 11 December 1918.
Other details

War service: Western Front

Embarked Melbourne, 20 June 1916; disembarked Plymouth, England, 10 August 1916.

Proceeded overseas to France, 15 September 1916; taken on strength, 7th Bn, in the field, Belgium, 29 September 1916.

Admitted to 10th Stationary Hospital, St Omer, 18 October 1916 (not yet diagnosed); discharged to Base Details, 5 November 1916; rejoined Bn, in the field, 11 November 1916.

Admitted to 6th Australian Field Ambulance, 24 January 1917, and transferred to Australian Corps Rest Station (ulcerated toe); discharged to duty, 20 February 1917; rejoined Bn, in the field, 21 February 1917.

Killed in action, 21 September 1917.

Medals: British War Medal, Victory Medal

Medals: British War Medal, Victory Medal
SourcesNAA: B2455, IRELAND Roy Maxwell

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