The AIF Project

Colin Neil McARTHUR

Regimental number4171
Place of birthMount Gambier, South Australia
Place of birthMt Gambier, South Australia
ReligionChurch of England
Addressc/o Premier Dining Rooms, Port Adelaide, South Australia
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation22
Height5' 8.5"
Weight162 lbs
Next of kinMother, Mrs B McArthur, Murat Bay, South Australia
Previous military serviceNil
Enlistment date23 August 1915
Place of enlistmentAdelaide, South Australia
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name16th Battalion, 13th Reinforcement
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/33/3
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Adelaide, South Australia, on board HMAT A30 Borda on 11 January 1916
Rank from Nominal RollSergeant
Unit from Nominal Roll48th Battalion
FateKilled in Action 1 October 1917
Age at death from cemetery records22
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsThe Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial (Panel 27), Belgium

The Menin Gate Memorial (so named because the road led to the town of Menin) was constructed on the site of a gateway in the eastern walls of the old Flemish town of Ypres, Belgium, where hundreds of thousands of allied troops passed on their way to the front, the Ypres salient, the site from April 1915 to the end of the war of some of the fiercest fighting of the war.

The Memorial was conceived as a monument to the 350,000 men of the British Empire who fought in the campaign. Inside the arch, on tablets of Portland stone, are inscribed the names of 56,000 men, including 6,178 Australians, who served in the Ypres campaign and who have no known grave.

The opening of the Menin Gate Memorial on 24 July 1927 so moved the Australian artist Will Longstaff that he painted 'The Menin Gate at Midnight', which portrays a ghostly army of the dead marching past the Menin Gate. The painting now hangs in the Australian War Memorial, Canberra, at the entrance of which are two medieval stone lions presented to the Memorial by the City of Ypres in 1936.

Since the 1930s, with the brief interval of the German occupation in the Second World War, the City of Ypres has conducted a ceremony at the Memorial at dusk each evening to commemorate those who died in the Ypres campaign.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
Miscellaneous information from
  cemetery records
Parents: John and Beatrice McARTHUR, Murat Bay, South Australia. Native of Mount Gambier, South Australia
Other details

War service: Egypt, Western Front

Allotted to 48th Bn, 9 May 1915.

Admitted to 12th Field Ambulance, Serapeum, 29 April 1916, and transferred same day to 54th Casualty Clearing Station (mumps); discharged to and rejoined unit, 15 May 1916.

Embarked Alexandria to join the British Expeditionary Force, 2 June 1916; disembarked Marseilles, France, 9 June 1916.

Wounded in action, 6 August 1916 (shell shock: severe); admitted to 2nd Field Ambulance, 7 August 1916; transferred to 4th General Hospital, Camiers, 8 August 1916; to No 6 Convalescent Depot, 10 August 1916.

Found guilty, 19 August 1916, of being absent from Tattoo till 10.15 pm, 18 August 1916: awarded 7 days' Field Punishment No 2.

Admitted to No 2 stationary Hospital, Abbeville, 22 August 1916 (varicocele); discharged to unit, 24 August 1916; rejoined unit, in the field in France, 31 August 1916.

Appointed Lance Corporal, 3 November 1916; promoted Corporal, 9 May 1917; Sergeant, 25 April 1917.

Killed in action, Belgium, 1 October 1917.

Buried Westhoek Ridge at J.7.B.7.7. Sheet 28 NE.

Grave subsequently lost.

Medals: British War Medal, Victory Medal

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