The AIF Project


Regimental number1920
Place of birthHalifax, Yorkshire, England
ReligionChurch of England
AddressMiddle Brighton, Melbourne, Victoria
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation18
Height5' 4.5"
Weight133 lbs
Next of kinFriend, Frank Hawkesworth, 15 Loller Street, Middle Brighton, Victoria
Previous military serviceNil
Enlistment date19 January 1915
Place of enlistmentMelbourne, Victoria
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name14th Battalion, 5th Reinforcement
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/31/3
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Melbourne, Victoria, on board HMAT A20 Hororata on 17 April 1915
Rank from Nominal RollPrivate
Unit from Nominal Roll14th Battalion
Other details from Roll of Honour CircularEnlisted 19 January 1915 - 14th Bn 5th Reinforcements; taken on strength 14th Bn 8 June 1915.
FateKilled in Action 10 August 1916
Place of death or woundingPozieres, Somme Sector, France
Age at death20
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsAustralian National Memorial, Villers-Bretonneux, France

Villers-Bretonneux is a village about 15 km east of Amiens. The Memorial stands on the high ground ('Hill 104') behind the Villers-Bretonneux Military Cemetery, Fouilloy, which is about 2 km north of Villers-Bretonneux on the east side of the road to Fouilloy.

The Australian National Memorial, Villers-Bretonneux is approached through the Military Cemetery, at the end of which is an open grass lawn which leads into a three-sided court. The two pavilions on the left and right are linked by the north and south walls to the back (east) wall, from which rises the focal point of the Memorial, a 105 foot tall tower, of fine ashlar. A staircase leads to an observation platform, 64 feet above the ground, from which further staircases lead to an observation room. This room contains a circular stone tablet with bronze pointers indicating the Somme villages whose names have become synonymous with battles of the Great War; other battle fields in France and Belgium in which Australians fought; and far beyond, Gallipoli and Canberra.

On the three walls, which are faced with Portland stone, are the names of 10,885 Australians who were killed in France and who have no known grave. The 'blocking course' above them bears the names of the Australian Battle Honours.

After the war an appeal in Australia raised £22,700, of which £12,500 came from Victorian school children, with the request that the majority of the funds be used to build a new school in Villers-Bretonneux. The boys' school opened in May 1927, and contains an inscription stating that the school was the gift of Victorian schoolchildren, twelve hundred of whose fathers are buried in the Villers-Bretonneux cemetery, with the names of many more recorded on the Memorial. Villers-Bretonneux is now twinned with Robinvale, Victoria, which has in its main square a memorial to the links between the two towns.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
Other details

War service: Egypt, Gallipoli, Western Front

Embarked Alexandria to join the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force (Gallipoli Campaign), 8 June 1915.

Admitted to No 1 Australian General Hospital, Helouan, 11 August 1915 (diarrhoea); transferred to No 3 Australian Auxiliary Hospital, 14 August 1915; to Convalescent Camp, Helouan, 13 September 1915; discharged to light duties, 2 October 1915.

Proceeded to unit, 21 October 1915.

Embarked Alexandria, 6 June 1916; disembarked Plymouth, England, 16 June 1916.

Admitted to No 1 Australian Dermatological Hospital, Bulford, 19 June 1916 (venereal disease); discharged, 4 July 1916.

Proceeded overseas to France from 4th Training Bn, Rollestone, 21 July 1916; marched into 4th Australian Divisional Base Depot, Etaples, 26 July 1916.

Rejoined 14th Bn, 7 August 1916.

Killed in action, 11 August 1916.

Medals: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal
SourcesNAA: B2455, CALVERT Leonard

Print format    

© The AIF Project 2023, UNSW Canberra. Not to be reproduced without permission.