|Place of birth||Liverpool, England|
|School||Dollar Academy, Clackmannanshire, Scotland|
|Religion||Church of England|
|Age at embarkation||19|
|Next of kin||Mother, Mrs Emily Culbard, Park Gate Road, Neston, Cheshire, England|
|Previous military service||Nil|
|Place of enlistment||Keswick, South Australia|
|Rank on enlistment||Private|
|Unit name||12th Battalion, 7th Reinforcement|
|AWM Embarkation Roll number||23/29/2|
|Embarkation details||Unit embarked from Melbourne, Victoria, on board HMAT Persia on
|Rank from Nominal Roll||Sergeant|
|Unit from Nominal Roll||52nd Battalion|
|Fate||Killed in Action
|Place of death or wounding||Somme, France|
|Age at death||21.9|
|Age at death from cemetery records||21|
|Place of burial||No known grave|
|Commemoration details||The Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial (Panel 29), Belgium
The Menin Gate Memorial (so named because the road led to the town of Menin) was constructed on the site of a gateway in the eastern walls of the old Flemish town of Ypres, Belgium, where hundreds of thousands of allied troops passed on their way to the front, the Ypres salient, the site from April 1915 to the end of the war of some of the fiercest fighting of the war.
The Memorial was conceived as a monument to the 350,000 men of the British Empire who fought in the campaign. Inside the arch, on tablets of Portland stone, are inscribed the names of 56,000 men, including 6,178 Australians, who served in the Ypres campaign and who have no known grave.
The opening of the Menin Gate Memorial on 24 July 1927 so moved the Australian artist Will Longstaff that he painted 'The Menin Gate at Midnight', which portrays a ghostly army of the dead marching past the Menin Gate. The painting now hangs in the Australian War Memorial, Canberra, at the entrance of which are two medieval stone lions presented to the Memorial by the City of Ypres in 1936.
Since the 1930s, with the brief interval of the German occupation in the Second World War, the City of Ypres has conducted a ceremony at the Memorial at dusk each evening to commemorate those who died in the Ypres campaign.
|Panel number, Roll of Honour,|
Australian War Memorial
|Miscellaneous information from|
|Parents: Wallace and Emlie CULBARD, Park Gate Road, Neston, Cheshire, England. Native of Dollar, Scotland|
War service: Egypt, Gallipoli, Western Front
Taken on strength, 12th Bn, Gallipoli, 28 September 1915.
Disembarked Alexandria, 6 January 1916 (general Gallipoli evacuation).
Transferred to 52nd Bn, Railhead, 1 March 1916.
Embarked Alexandria to join the British Expeditionary Force, 5 June 1916; disembarked Marseilles, France, 12 June 1916.
Appointed Lance Corporal, 3 October 1916.
Appointed Corporal, 8 November 1916.
Admitted to NZ Stationary Hospital, Amiens, 12 March 1917 (injured heel); transferred to 1st Australian General Hospital, Rouen, 29 March 1917; to No 2 Convalescent Depot, 7 April 1917; discharged to Base Details, 2 May 1917.
Found guilty, 2 May 1917, of irregular conduct, viz. posting a letter in French Post Office in order to avoid Censor at Rouen, 27 April 1917: reprimanded.
Killed in action, Belgium, 28 August 1918.
Handwritten note on Form B103: 'Buried W. of Messines, France [sic].'Medals: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal
|Miscellaneous details||Next of kin address incorrectly recorded on Embarkation Roll as Western Cheshire, England.|
|Sources||NAA: B2455, CULBARD Donald Herbert|