The AIF Project

Fredrick William EWINGTON

Regimental number1942
Place of birthAuckland, New Zealand
SchoolMount Eden Public School, Queenstown, New Zealand
Age on arrival in Australia23
ReligionChurch of England
AddressAuckland, New Zealand
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation45
Height5' 8"
Weight150 lbs
Next of kinFoster Mother, Mrs J O'Brien, 121 Bridge Street, Glebe, New South Wales
Previous military serviceNil
Enlistment date22 January 1915
Date of enlistment from Nominal Roll22 January 1915
Place of enlistmentLiverpool, New South Wales
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name4th Battalion, 5th Reinforcement
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/21/2
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Sydney, New South Wales, on board HMAT A55 Kyarra on 13 April 1915
Rank from Nominal RollPrivate
Unit from Nominal Roll4th Battalion
FateKilled in Action 06-9 August 1915
Place of death or woundingGallipoli, Turkey
Date of death9 August 1915
Age at death49
Age at death from cemetery records45
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsThe Lone Pine Memorial (Panel 22), Gallipoli, Turkey

The Lone Pine Memorial, situated in the Lone Pine Cemetery at Anzac, is the main Australian Memorial on Gallipoli, and one of four memorials to men of the New Zealand Expeditionary Force. Designed by Sir John Burnet, the principal architect of the Gallipoli cemeteries, it is a thick tapering pylon 14.3 metres high on a square base 12.98 metres wide. It is constructed from limestone mined at Ilgardere in Turkey.

The Memorial commemorates the 3268 Australians and 456 New Zealanders who have no known grave and the 960 Australians and 252 New Zealanders who were buried at sea after evacuation through wounds or disease. The names of New Zealanders commemorated are inscribed on stone panels mounted on the south and north sides of the pylon, while those of the Australians are listed on a long wall of panels in front of the pylon and to either side. Names are arranged by unit and rank.

The Memorial stands over the centre of the Turkish trenches and tunnels which were the scene of heavy fighting during the August offensive. Most cemeteries on Gallipoli contain relatively few marked graves, and the majority of Australians killed on Gallipoli are commemorated here.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
Miscellaneous information from
  cemetery records
Parents: Frederick George and Mary Catherine EWINGTON, Devonport, Auckalnd, New Zealand.
Other details

War service: Egypt, Gallipoli

Joined 4th Bn at Gallipoli, 1 June 1915.

Killed in action, 6-9 August 1915.

Medals: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal

Father, F.G. Ewington, wrote to the Minister of Defence, October 1915, enclosing a clipping from the 'New Zealand Herald' dated 24 September, 'intimating that F.W. Ewington had been killed in action. I fear it is my son. His name was Frederick William Ewington and he settled in Sydney a good number of years ago. His age now would have been 50 yrs of age on Nov, 25th 1915. My wife and family would esteem it a great favour if you will let us know as soon as possible all about the deceased. Even if we are not left next of kin, his full name, address etc, would enlighten us. I am sorry to trouble you, while you are so busy, but you will sympathise with anxious parents and do your best, I am sure, to solve this question.' Base Records replied, 13 October 1915, 'He is apparently identical with your son'. Sister, Gladys Ewington, replied, 26 October 1915: 'We are sure it is our brother. May I congratulate you on the very satisfactory way you have answered my letter written for my father. We are very thankful to you for your prompt reply, and I will make it public.' Father wrote to Base Records, 31 December 1919: 'Our dear Son early took to a seafaring life & was happy-go-lucky & did not keep in touch with us very closely. I saw him last in Melbourne in 1888 when he had the care of some field guns at the Exhibition ? The courteous expression of your Government's sympathy & the evident attention it is paying to the last resting place of our brave soldiers will shed many a ray of comfort into many homes.' Father wrote again, 20 August 1921, to acknowledge receipt of the British War Medal, and added: 'I note that the Victory Medal will be transmitted as soon as it is available. Pardon my reminding you, & please do not misconstrue it into impatience, that I am in my seventy-eighth year & have been an invlaid for a long period - viz from 28 January 1920 & am still ill and under medical care.' On receipt of the commemorative plaque, he wrote again to Base Records, 14 January 1922: 'I beg to thank the Australian Government for my deceased son's plaque & I also thank you for the humane courtesy in all correspondence from your office.'
SourcesNAA: B2455, EWINGTON Fredrick William

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