The AIF Project

James Leonard FRANKLIN

Regimental number1036
Place of birthAdelaide, South Australia
SchoolSturt Public School, South Australia
ReligionChurch of England
OccupationLabourer
Address...
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation24
Height5' 8"
Weight154 lbs
Next of kinFriend, A Scarborough, Kyre Avenue, Kingswood, Unley, South Australia
Previous military serviceNil
Enlistment date14 September 1914
Place of enlistmentMorphettville, South Australia
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name16th Battalion, F Company
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/33/1
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Melbourne, Victoria, on board Troopship A40 Ceramic on 22 December 1914
Rank from Nominal RollPrivate
Unit from Nominal Roll16th Battalion
FateKilled in Action 2 May 1915
Place of death or woundingGallipoli, Turkey
Date of death2 May 1915
Age at death24.9
Age at death from cemetery records24
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsThe Lone Pine Memorial (Panel 53), Gallipoli, Turkey

The Lone Pine Memorial, situated in the Lone Pine Cemetery at Anzac, is the main Australian Memorial on Gallipoli, and one of four memorials to men of the New Zealand Expeditionary Force. Designed by Sir John Burnet, the principal architect of the Gallipoli cemeteries, it is a thick tapering pylon 14.3 metres high on a square base 12.98 metres wide. It is constructed from limestone mined at Ilgardere in Turkey.

The Memorial commemorates the 3268 Australians and 456 New Zealanders who have no known grave and the 960 Australians and 252 New Zealanders who were buried at sea after evacuation through wounds or disease. The names of New Zealanders commemorated are inscribed on stone panels mounted on the south and north sides of the pylon, while those of the Australians are listed on a long wall of panels in front of the pylon and to either side. Names are arranged by unit and rank.

The Memorial stands over the centre of the Turkish trenches and tunnels which were the scene of heavy fighting during the August offensive. Most cemeteries on Gallipoli contain relatively few marked graves, and the majority of Australians killed on Gallipoli are commemorated here.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
79
Miscellaneous information from
  cemetery records
Commemorated in St George the Martyr's Anglican Church, Goodwood, Adelaide, South Australia. Inscription reads: 'To the Glory of God. In Honour of Our Lady, Blessed Michael the Archangel, Blessed George the Martyr & of all the Blessed Saints. To the dear Memory of all those who went forth from this Altar, where they offered the Holy Sacrifice of the Body and Blood of Christ, to give their lives in the Great War. This Screen is Blessed on Anzac Day 25 April 1922 being the Feast of Saint Mark the Evangelist.'
Other details

War service: Egypt, Gallipoli

Embarked Melbourne, 22 December 1914.

Embarked Alexandria to join the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force, Gallipoli Campaign, 12 April 1915.

Killed in action, Gallipoli, 2 May 1915.

Paybook received at Australian Records Section with apparent bullet mark, Alexandria, 22 September 1915.

Medals: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal
SourcesNAA: B2455, FRANKLIN James Leonard
Red Cross File No 1100812D

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