The AIF Project

James O'Neill FRASER

Regimental number1341
Place of birthBerth, Ayrshire, Scotland
SchoolHallside Public school, Glasgow, Scotland
Age on arrival in Australia20
ReligionPresbyterian
OccupationTelegraphist
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation20
Height5' 7.5"
Weight169 lbs
Next of kinFather, Evan Fraser, 4 Caledonian Place, Westburn, Newton, near Glasgow, Scotland
Previous military serviceNil
Enlistment date13 November 1914
Place of enlistmentMelbourne, Victoria
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name5th Battalion, 2nd Reinforcement
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/22/2
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Melbourne, Victoria, on board HMAT A46 Clan Macgillivray on 2 February 1915
Rank from Nominal RollPrivate
Unit from Nominal Roll5th Battalion
FateKilled in Action 26 April 1915
Place of death or woundingGallipoli, Turkey
Date of death26 April 1915
Age at death21
Age at death from cemetery records21
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsThe Lone Pine Memorial (Panel 24), Gallipoli, Turkey

The Lone Pine Memorial, situated in the Lone Pine Cemetery at Anzac, is the main Australian Memorial on Gallipoli, and one of four memorials to men of the New Zealand Expeditionary Force. Designed by Sir John Burnet, the principal architect of the Gallipoli cemeteries, it is a thick tapering pylon 14.3 metres high on a square base 12.98 metres wide. It is constructed from limestone mined at Ilgardere in Turkey.

The Memorial commemorates the 3268 Australians and 456 New Zealanders who have no known grave and the 960 Australians and 252 New Zealanders who were buried at sea after evacuation through wounds or disease. The names of New Zealanders commemorated are inscribed on stone panels mounted on the south and north sides of the pylon, while those of the Australians are listed on a long wall of panels in front of the pylon and to either side. Names are arranged by unit and rank.

The Memorial stands over the centre of the Turkish trenches and tunnels which were the scene of heavy fighting during the August offensive. Most cemeteries on Gallipoli contain relatively few marked graves, and the majority of Australians killed on Gallipoli are commemorated here.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
43
Miscellaneous information from
  cemetery records
Parents: Evan and Sarah FRASER, 4 Caledonian Place, Westburn, Newton, Glasgow, Scotland. Native of Beith, Ayrshire
Other details

War service: Egypt, Gallipoli

Promoted lance corporal, 1 February 1915.

Embarked Melbourne, 2 February 1915.

Embarked Alexandria to join the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force, Gallipoli, 5 April 1915.

Reported missing, Gallipoli, 25 April 1915.

Killed in action, Gallipoli, 26 April 1915.

Medals: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal
SourcesNAA: B2455, FRASER James O'Neill

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