|Place of birth||Melbourne, Victoria|
|School||Clyde North State School No 118, Victoria|
|Address||Canning Road, East Fremantle, Western Australia|
|Age at embarkation||29|
|Next of kin||Stepfather, J H Gracie, Canning Road, East Fremantle, Western Australia|
|Previous military service||Nil|
|Place of enlistment||Brisbane, Queensland|
|Rank on enlistment||Private|
|Unit name||25th Battalion B Company|
|AWM Embarkation Roll number||23/42/1|
|Embarkation details||Unit embarked from Brisbane, Queensland, on board HMAT A60 Aeneas on
|Rank from Nominal Roll||Private|
|Unit from Nominal Roll||9th Battalion|
|Fate||Killed in Action
|Age at death from cemetery records||30|
|Place of burial||No known grave|
|Commemoration details||Australian National Memorial, Villers-Bretonneux, France
Villers-Bretonneux is a village about 15 km east of Amiens. The Memorial stands on the high ground ('Hill 104') behind the Villers-Bretonneux Military Cemetery, Fouilloy, which is about 2 km north of Villers-Bretonneux on the east side of the road to Fouilloy.
The Australian National Memorial, Villers-Bretonneux is approached through the Military Cemetery, at the end of which is an open grass lawn which leads into a three-sided court. The two pavilions on the left and right are linked by the north and south walls to the back (east) wall, from which rises the focal point of the Memorial, a 105 foot tall tower, of fine ashlar. A staircase leads to an observation platform, 64 feet above the ground, from which further staircases lead to an observation room. This room contains a circular stone tablet with bronze pointers indicating the Somme villages whose names have become synonymous with battles of the Great War; other battle fields in France and Belgium in which Australians fought; and far beyond, Gallipoli and Canberra.
On the three walls, which are faced with Portland stone, are the names of 10,885 Australians who were killed in France and who have no known grave. The 'blocking course' above them bears the names of the Australian Battle Honours.
After the war an appeal in Australia raised £22,700, of which £12,500 came from Victorian school children, with the request that the majority of the funds be used to build a new school in Villers-Bretonneux. The boys' school opened in May 1927, and contains an inscription stating that the school was the gift of Victorian schoolchildren, twelve hundred of whose fathers are buried in the Villers-Bretonneux cemetery, with the names of many more recorded on the Memorial. Villers-Bretonneux is now twinned with Robinvale, Victoria, which has in its main square a memorial to the links between the two towns.
|Panel number, Roll of Honour,|
Australian War Memorial
|Miscellaneous information from|
|Commemorated on Clyde North State School No 118 Roll of Honor (now in Cranbourne RSL, Victoria). See "HERRING" the true family name. Son of Gertrude Townsend (formerly HERRING), 92 Barkly Street, Carlton, Victoria, and the late Charles HERRING|
War service: Egypt, Gallipoli
Embarked Alexandria to join the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force, Gallipoli, 4 September 1915.
Disembarked Alexandria from Mudros, 9 January 1916 (general Gallipoli evacuation).
Found guilty, Tel el Kebir, (1) of being absent without leave from 2200, 21 January, until 1200, 25 January 1916; (2) 21 January 1916, of disobeying an order from his Superior Officer: awarded 28 days' detention.
Embarked Alexandria to join the British Expeditionary Force 14 March 1916; disembarked Marseilles, France, 19 March 1916.
Found guilty by Field General Court Martial, 29 March 1916, of when in confinement escaping; awaiting trial 28 days: awarded 28 days' Field Punishment No 2. GOC, Army Corps, ordered charged of absent without leave to be quashed, and sentence altered, 30 March 1916.
Found guilty, 6 May 1916, of being absent without leave 11 am-9.30 pm, 6 May 1916: awarded 28 days' Field Punishment No 2.
Found guilty, 16 July 1916, of being absent without leave on 29 & 30 June, 1,2,3 July 1916: sentenced to 2 years' imprisonment with hard labour.
Killed in action, 4 August 1916.
Note on Red Cross File: 'No trace Germany. Cert. by Capt. Mills. 10.10.19.'Medals: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal
|Miscellaneous details||Born Frank Valentine HERRING; adopted his step-father's surname.|
|Sources||NAA: B2455, GRACIE Frank Valentine
Red Cross File No 12001059