The AIF Project

John GRAY

Regimental number1959
Place of birthMonquither, Aberdeenshire, Scotland
SchoolBirkenhills, Aberdeenshire, Scotland
Age on arrival in Australia21
ReligionChurch of England
OccupationLabourer
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation22
Height5' 6.25"
Weight132 lbs
Next of kinMother, Mrs Ellen Gray, Sheilburn Croft, Aberdeen, Scotland
Previous military serviceNil
Enlistment date15 January 1915
Place of enlistmentLiverpool, New South Wales
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name3rd Battalion, 5th Reinforcement
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/20/2
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Sydney, New South Wales, on board HMAT A55 Kyarra on 13 April 1915
Rank from Nominal RollPrivate
Unit from Nominal Roll3rd Battalion
FateKilled in Action 7-12 August 1915
Place of death or woundingLone Pine, Gallipoli, Turkey
Date of death11 August 1915
Age at death23
Age at death from cemetery records23
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsThe Lone Pine Memorial (Panel 20), Gallipoli, Turkey

The Lone Pine Memorial, situated in the Lone Pine Cemetery at Anzac, is the main Australian Memorial on Gallipoli, and one of four memorials to men of the New Zealand Expeditionary Force. Designed by Sir John Burnet, the principal architect of the Gallipoli cemeteries, it is a thick tapering pylon 14.3 metres high on a square base 12.98 metres wide. It is constructed from limestone mined at Ilgardere in Turkey.

The Memorial commemorates the 3268 Australians and 456 New Zealanders who have no known grave and the 960 Australians and 252 New Zealanders who were buried at sea after evacuation through wounds or disease. The names of New Zealanders commemorated are inscribed on stone panels mounted on the south and north sides of the pylon, while those of the Australians are listed on a long wall of panels in front of the pylon and to either side. Names are arranged by unit and rank.

The Memorial stands over the centre of the Turkish trenches and tunnels which were the scene of heavy fighting during the August offensive. Most cemeteries on Gallipoli contain relatively few marked graves, and the majority of Australians killed on Gallipoli are commemorated here.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
36
Miscellaneous information from
  cemetery records
Parents: George and Ellen GRAY, Sheilburn Croft, Turriff, Scotland
Other details

War service: Egypt, Gallipoli

Taken on strength, 3rd Bn, Gallipoli, 14 June 1915.

Reported missing, Gallipoli, 7-12 August 1915.

Court of Enquiry, held in the field in France, 5 June 1916, pronounced fate as 'Killed in Action, 7-12 August 1915'.

Medals: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal
SourcesNAA: B2455, GRAY John

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